NC Noted Native American scholar and author Robert J. Conley,
the Sequoyah Distinguished Professor of Cherokee Studies at Western
Carolina University, died Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014, at Harris Regional
Hospital after a period of declining health. Conley, 73, a registered
tribal member of the Cherokee Nation, was appointed to the WCU professorship
in July 2008.
"Robert was an important friend and mentor to many faculty,
staff and students at Western Carolina University, as well as a
vocal advocate for the preservation and promotion of Cherokee culture
both in Oklahoma and on the Qualla Boundary," said Richard Starnes,
dean of the WCU College of Arts and Sciences. "He will be greatly
Born in Cushing, Okla., on Dec. 29, 1940, Conley finished high
school in Wichita Falls, Texas, in 1958. He attended college at
Midwestern University, where he earned his bachelor's degree in
drama in 1966 and his master's degree in English in 1968.
Although born in Oklahoma, Conley said that accepting the position
at WCU and moving to Western North Carolina was like coming home
because North Carolina is home to all Cherokees." Prior to
joining the faculty at WCU, he was assistant programs manager for
the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, director of Indian studies at Bacone
College and Morningside College, coordinator of Indian culture at
Eastern Montana College, and instructor of English at Southwest
Missouri State University and Northern Illinois University. He also
held teaching and administrative appointments at the University
of New Mexico and Lenoir-Rhyne College, and served as elder-in-residence
at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
prolific author with more than 80 books to his credit during his
career, Conley recently was named the 2014 recipient of the Western
Writers of America's Owen Wister Award for Lifetime Contributions
to Western Literature. The award, the nonprofit organization's highest
honor, is scheduled to be presented posthumously during the organization's
annual convention in June in Sacramento, Calif.
The lifetime recognition award represents the latest in a long
list of honors for Conley, including the Wordcraft Circle "Wordcrafter
of the Year" in 1997 and "Writer of the Year" in 1999 for fiction
for his "War Women." His "The Cherokee Nation: A History" was selected
by the American Library Association as an "outstanding academic
title" for 2005, and his "Cherokee Medicine Man" was a 2007 nominee
for the Oklahoma Reads Oklahoma competition. He was inducted into
the Oklahoma Professional Writers Hall of Fame in 1996, and he was
recipient of a lifetime achievement award in 2009 from the Oklahoma
Center for the Book.
Shortly after his appointment to WCU's Sequoyah Professorship,
he was selected to receive the 2009 American Indian Festival of
Words Author Award, presented to outstanding American Indian writers
who have made significant contributions to American literature.
It is the only existing award given by a public library to honor
an American Indian author.
Conley's poems and short stories have been published in numerous
periodicals and anthologies over the years, including publications
in Germany, France, Belgium, New Zealand and Yugoslavia, with translations
in Cherokee, German, French and Macedonian. His debut novel, "Back
to Malachi," was published by Doubleday in 1986.
His works ranged from short stories and essays to the novelization
of the screenplay "Geronimo: An American Legend," and include titles
such as "Ned Christie's War," "Mountain Windsong: A Novel of the
Trail of Tears," "The Dark Way," "War Woman," "Cherokee Dragon,"
"Nickajack," "The Dark Island" and "Yellow Bird: An Imaginary Autobiography."
Conley was known for his wit and dry sense of humor. He told
True West magazine after his "The Cherokee Nation: A History" was
named a top academic title in 2005, "For years I was a member of
'Academics Anonymous,' but they made me resign when I became the
Sequoyah Professor of Cherokee Studies. I still have never written
any footnotes, and I'm not planning to."
Roseanna Belt, WCU Cherokee Center, commented, "On behalf of
the Cherokee Center and Western Carolina University, we express
our deep sadness at the passing of Robert J. Conley, prolific author
and Sequoyah Distinguished Professor of Cherokee Studies at Western
Carolina University since 2008. He was a true friend and colleague
who will be greatly missed. His contributions to the Cherokee world
are immeasurable. His presence at Western made all of us proud.
Deepest condolences go to his wife, Evelyn Conley."
He was the son of the late Robert Parris and Peggy Jackson Conley.
In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by his brother,
Thomas; and two children, Robert Parris Conley and Vanessa Edith
He is survived by his wife of 38 years, Evelyn Snell Conley;
a son, Eddie of Tahlequah, Okla.; a daughter, Cheryl of Tahlequah.;
four grandchildren and five great-grandchildren; and two sisters,
Peggy Cline of Jacksboro, Texas, and Donna Hammond of Roseburg,
Gifts in memory of Conley will be accepted by the WCU Tsalagi
(Cherokee) Institute, which he founded to focus on the coordination
and implementation of future projects involving WCU, the Eastern
Band of Cherokee Indians and other Native American constituents.
Gifts may be made by sending a check to Western Carolina University,
Office of Development, 201 H.F. Robinson Administration Building,
Cullowhee, N.C. 28723, with "Tsalagi Institute" in the memo line;
through the website give.wcu.edu; or by calling 828-227-7124 (toll-free