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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Our Mission: To enhance the diverse strengths of our youth and families in partnership with the community through cultural identity and education. Founded by the community, for the community, NAYA is a family of numerous tribes and voices who are rooted in sustaining tradition. We work to identify and provide intentional services that will guide our people in the direction of personal success and balance, empowering positive change and cultural wealth.

Native Vote
Native Vote, a national non-partisan effort to mobilize the American Indian and Alaska Native vote, is an initiative of NCAI. Native Vote is a non-partisan initiative. All Native Vote activities will be conducted in a nonpartisan manner in compliance with IRS rules and regulations and will not constitute prohibited political activity. We do not endorse any candidate for office or support any partisan statements or endorsements expressed by members of

Picayune Rancheria of the Chukchansi Indians
Welcome to our website. We at the Picayune Rancheria of the Chukchansi Indians hope that you will find the information presented on these pages helpful as you seek to learn about our history and culture, our government and the services we provide, the strides we have made and continue to make in business and economic development, and the efforts we have made to give back to our community which is so important to us.
Ecological Society of America
The Ecological Society of America is the country's primary professional organization of ecologists, representing 10,000 scientists in the United States and around the world.Since its founding in 1915, ESA has diligently pursued the promotion of the responsible application of ecological principles to the solution of environmental problems through ESA reports, journals, research, and expert testimony to Congress. ESA offers a professional Certification Program for ecologists and maintains a Directory of Certified Ecologists.
Beagle Freedom Project
Beagle Freedom Project began in December 2010 when Shannon Keith received information that beagles who were used for animal experiments in a research lab were to be given a chance at freedom. Our mission is rescuing and finding homes for beagles used in laboratory research.
Nez Perce Trail Ride 2014
My name is Hetty Dutra, and I rode the entire Nez Perce National Historic Trail in 1994. I might be the only person since the flight in 1877 to ride the whole trail in the same time frame as the original.
The Nez Perce (Nee-Me-Poo) National Historic Trail
Congress passed the National Trails System Act in 1968, establishing a framework for a nationwide system of scenic, recreational, and historic trails. The Nez Perce (Nimíipuu or Nee-Me-Poo) National Historic Trail stretches from Wallowa Lake, Oregon, to the Bear Paw Battlefield near Chinook, Montana. It was added to this system by Congress as a National Historic Trail in 1986.
Chief Dull Knife College
Chief Dull Knife College is located on the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in southeastern Montana. The reservation is approximately 44 miles long and 23 miles wide, encompassing 450,000 acres. Located in a rural area, the reservation is predominantly surrounded by ranching and coal mining activity. Major electrical generation plants are located just north of the reservation at Colstrip, Montana.
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Online Scavenger Hunts
This week’s site selection is dedicated to improving search skills. Some of today’s sites feature a single daily question (or search challenge), and others offer a collection of topic-based research questions often called online scavenger hunts. Good hunting!
Blackwell's Best: Internet Scavenger Hunts
Vicki Blackwell brings us lots and lots of scavenger hunts. A few have fallen victim to link rot (URLs that no longer work) but there are so many goodies here, I just had to ignore the few problems. The first batch (listed at the top of the page) is hunts created by teachers in the Tangipahoa Parish School System in Louisiana. Next comes a PowerPoint presentation that consists of research questions called "mini-hunts." The third section is a collection of both on-site and off-site scavenger hunts, some from sites such as Education World , Scholastic and Cyberbee.

Education World: Internet Scavenger Hunts
Education World has organized their large collection of printable scavenger hunts (in PDF format) by month. For example, May includes Memorial Day Memories, April Showers Bring May Flowers, Honoring our Veterans and fourteen other topics. In addition to the one-page activity sheets with questions and links to web resources, Education World provides online answer keys.

A Google a Day
"There's no right way to solve it, but there's only one right answer." This fun, daily scavenger hunt from Google is special for several reasons. First, the daily questions are created so as not to be easily found with a single search; it usually will take at least two searches (sometimes more) to find the answer. Another unique part of Google a Day is that it is powered by Deja Google. Calling it a "wormhole inspired time machine", Deja Google is a snapshot of yesterday's Google results, so that other players will not spoil your fun by having their answers appear in your Google results.
Trivia Café: Question of the Day
"What is the name of the metallic alloy composed of copper and zinc?" "At the age of twenty-three, in 1740, she became Empress of Austria. During her forty year reign she had sixteen children, one of whom was Marie Antoinette, future Queen of France. Who was she?" With both daily and weekly trivia questions, along with subject categories (such as Animals, History, Mathematics) there are abundant opportunities for search practice here at Trivia Café.

World Book: Web Scavenger Hunts
These printable scavenger hunts were designed "to help familiarize students and library patrons with the resources available on the World Book Web." Unfortunately the World Book links within these PDFs are now for members only. But the questions and answers themselves are still valuable. The hunts are divided into two age groups: Elementary/Middle School and High School/College. They include subjects such as Maps, Presidency, Heredity, and Galileo. "What important philosopher did Galileo study while at the University of Pisa?"

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History of the World Wide Web
Although commonly used as a synonym for the Internet, the World Wide Web (WWW or simply the Web) is a hypertext media service that runs on the Internet. Separate from other Internet services such as email or FTP, the Web is the world of webpages, hyperlinks, search engines, and URL addresses. British computer scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee, working at CERN in 1989, wrote a proposal defining the WWW and is credited as its inventor.
CERN: Birth of the Web
"The web was originally conceived and developed to meet the demand for automatic information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world. The first website at CERN -- and in the world -- was dedicated to the World Wide Web project itself and was hosted on Berners-Lee's NeXT computer." Visit CERN's history of the Web to view the very first website and click around on the interactive Birth of the WWW timeline.
Pew Research Internet Project: World Wide Web Timeline
Did you know that the Web might have been called the "Mesh" or the "Mine"? "The World Wide Web begins as a CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) project called ENQUIRE, initiated by British scientist Tim Berners-Lee. Other names considered for the project include ‘The Information Mesh' and ‘The Mine of Information.'" Don't miss this terrific timeline that includes iconic events such as AOL's "You've got mail!" greeting, and the birth of the term "surfing the Internet."
Web Directions: Timeline of the History of the World Wide Web
From 1910 (with the creation of The Mundaneum, an institution dedicated to gathering and classifying all the world's knowledge) to the retiring of the French information system Minitel in 2012, this interactive timeline features highlights in the history of information science. Fast forward to 1990 to view the data point about the original web browser developed by Berners-Lee.
World Wide Web Consortium: Answers for Young People
Berners-Lee answers questions from kids. "Q: What made you think of the WWW? A: Well, I found it frustrating that in those days, there was different information on different computers, but you had to log on to different computers to get at it. Also, sometimes you had to learn a different program on each computer. So finding out how things worked was really difficult. Often it was just easier to go and ask people when they were having coffee." While at the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) be sure to look at How it All Started, a slideshow commemorating the tenth anniversary of the Web.
World Wide Web Foundation: History of the Web
"Believe it or not, Tim Berners-Lee's initial proposal was not immediately accepted. However, Tim persevered. By October of 1990, he had specified the three fundamental technologies that remain the foundation of today's Web (and which you may have seen appear on parts of your Web browser)." These three innovations were HTML (the web's markup language), URI (the web's addressing system), and HTTP (the transfer protocol used to retrieve Web pages.)
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Meteor Showers
Meteor showers are cyclical, predictable events because they are formed from the icy rock debris shed by comets as they pass the Sun. The following sites explain why they happen, when they occur, and offer tips on how to best view them.
American Meteor Society: Meteor Shower Basics
"From earliest times, humankind has noticed flurries of meteors that seemed to emanate from points in the sky at particular times of the year. These flurries, now called meteor showers, are produced by small fragments of cosmic debris entering the earth's atmosphere at extremely high speed." Visit the AMS site for Meteor FAQs, Photos, Videos, a Meteor Shower Calendar, and this introductory article.
Meteor Showers Online
In recognition of his extensive comet research, Gary Kronk has been honored by the International Astronomical Union with a minor planet named after him . His Meteor Showers Online site covers all the basics, with sections on How to Watch Meteors and a Meteor Shower Calendar. "The beauty of observing meteors is that it is the one branch of astronomy that requires virtually no equipment, or at least no expensive optical equipment. The optical equipment you will use are your eyes and the only other equipment you really need is a reclining chair."
Sky & Telescope: Meteors: A Primer
"Shower meteors can appear anywhere in the sky, but their direction of motion is away from the constellation whose name the shower bears. This apparent point of origin is known as the radiant." For more meteor facts and viewing tips, click on the Meteors category link at the bottom of this article.
StarDate: Meteor Showers and Viewing Tips
The most popular meteor question online is, "When is the next meteor shower?" StarDate answers this question with a calendar of seven annual meteor showers that include the peak of the shower (for the lower forty-eight states) and the moon phase. Since bright moonlight makes meteor viewing difficult, your best viewing is going to be when the moon is new or crescent. The next meteor shower is the Perseids on August 12, 2014, but the moon will out most of the night.

UT Knoxville: Astronomy 161: Meteors and Meteor Showers
These illustrated class notes from the introductory astronomy class University of Texas at Knoxville are a great resource. This meteor page defines important concepts, and covers a brief history of meteor science. Some of the linked resources are long gone, and the calendar is no longer current, but be sure to watch the short video clips. "The meteor shower is commonly named after the constellation in which this radiant is found, and occurs annually during a well-defined time period."

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Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela (July 18, 1918 December 5, 2013) was a South African freedom fighter who became South Africas first democratically elected President (1994 to 1999). His leadership was fundamental in dismantling apartheid, and he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Before his presidency, Mandela was imprisoned for twenty-seven years (1962 to 1990) convicted of crimes such as leaving the country without a passport, and sabotage against the National Party government.
Biography: Nelson Mandela
"Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Mveso, Transkei, South Africa. Becoming actively involved in the anti-apartheid movement in his 20s, Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1942. For 20 years, he directed a campaign of peaceful, nonviolent defiance against the South African government and its racist policies." Visit to read the rest of this Mandela biography, to view the photo and video galleries, and peruse the quote collection.
CNN: Nelson Mandela
This CNN special edition is chock full of articles, videos, and photographs memorializing Mandela. Some unique clicks include The Pop Song that Helped Free Mandela, What America Learned From Him, Sports as Weapon Against Racism, and In Mandela's Own Words. "No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite."
Nelson Mandela Foundation
Great content can be found in Life & Times of Nelson Mandela (including a biography, timeline, FAQ, and historical contexts) as well as under the menu items Multimedia Resources and Mini-Sites. Don't miss the cartoons of Len Sak (who used his talents to illustrate the changing political climate of South Africa in the early 1990's), the interactive timeline of Mandela's life, or the selected quotes from Mandela's By Himself book. "If I had my time over I would do the same again. So would any man who dares call himself a man."
PBS: The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela
Visit this PBS site to view the full-length, PBS movie The Long Walk of Nelson Mandela, as well as read interviews, letters Mandela sent from prison, and excerpts from two Mandela biographies. "During the 1950s Mandela was banned, arrested and imprisoned for challenging apartheid. He was one of the accused in the massive Treason Trial at the end of the decade and, following the 1960 banning of the ANC, he went underground, adopting a number of disguises--sometimes a laborer, other times a chauffeur." On the tech side, I could not watch the movie in Chrome, but had no problem with Firefox or Internet Explorer.

TIME for Kids: Nelson Mandela: 1918-2013
The only of this week's sites written specifically for kids, TIME for Kids presents a short Mandela biography, and a slideshow about his life. "Mandela stepped down as president in 1999. That same year, he created the Nelson Mandela's Children Fund, a charity that helps poor South African children. ‘Children are the wealth of our country,' he said in an interview with TFK in 2002. ‘They must be given love.'"

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2014 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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