When your science
education program figures in remarks made by a former U.S. president,
folks pay attention.
President Bill Clinton recognized the work of the PAST Foundation
during his opening statement at the 2014 Clinton Global Initiative
America Meeting, saying, "In 2012 the PAST Foundation and its partners
committed to improve STEM education in rural and Native American
reservation schools in South Dakota by equipping 450 teachers with
the necessary training to implement an innovative and culturally
relevant approach to teaching. It's now known as the South Dakota
Innovation Lab, a statewide STEM professional development program
that has so far provided 8,300 students with access to quality education
that meets them where they are and prepares them for the modern
The SD Innovation Lab is a collaborative effort of the MidCentral
Educational Cooperative and Sanford Research. Jill Weimer, associate
scientist at Sanford Children's Health Research Center and assistant
professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the Sanford School
of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, said the program
began about three years ago in response to the insight that rural
education in South Dakota did not fit into the standard education
model coming out of urban settings.
"We recognized that we needed to do something new and unique
to make sure our kids met the workforce demands of our state," she
said, noting that Sanford Research is the largest employer in South
Dakota. "We realized we needed to be recruiting our talent pool
locally for our research labs, and to do that we needed to be making
more effort to get students trained in science and get them going
down career paths in science."
Weimer and her colleagues also recognized that trying to interest
kids in the sciences when they reached high school was not sufficient,
so the SD Innovation Lab also focuses its efforts on elementary
and middle schools and is currently working in three schools on
South Dakota reservations, with four or five more expected to get
involved this year.
Kathy Rindels, a language arts teacher at the tribal Crow Creek
Middle School, is participating in the program for the second year.
This summer she went out to Rapid City, where she worked with Gear-Up,
a U.S. Department of Education pre-college enrichment program for
American Indian students. Teachers participated with high school
students in hands-on science projects and then met as a group to
talk about how to implement similar teaching approaches in their
Rindels explains how that works: "When I was in Rapid City in
June I did a problem-based lesson on water quality. So this year,
we'll go to the [Big Bend] dam in Fort Thompson. We'll test the
water there and we'll test the water here at the school and we'll
see what the differences are in the nitrogen levels and the pH.
And then we'll write about it. That's how I can pull in my science.
Then I'll pull in my social studies and language arts by having
the students write a research paper."
Weimer stresses that in addition to promoting hand-on learning
experiences, the SDIL focuses on learning that addresses community
needs and concerns.
Kristen Tucker, a middle school reading, geography and American
history teacher at the Yankton Sioux Tribe's Marty Indian School,
said, "Problem-based learning is a great strategy for Native American
students, in fact, for all students. They enjoy doing the research
and having a product to display at the end. They have a sense of
accomplishment in seeing where their learning has taken them."
One project she did last year focused on the organization, structure
and purpose of the Oceti-shakowin, the confederation of the seven
nations Bdewákanthunwan (Mdewakanton), Wahpéthunwan
(Wahpeton), Wahpékhute (Wahpekute), Sisíthunwan (Sisseton),
the Ihánkthunwan (Yankton), Ihánkthunwanna (Yanktonai),
and the Thíthunwan (Teton or Lakota). Her students came "to
understand they were part of the confederation and what that means.
We've done mapping and counting of acres in terms of historical
and today's reservations and connected South Dakota reservations
with tribes of the Oceti-shakowin." The goal is to integrate cultural
activities with problem-based learning.
Tucker is a strong advocate for problem-based learning and the
SDIL. Last year her seventh graders went to the lab and participated
in a project involving DNA. "The experience had a huge impact on
their learning," Tucker said. "The lab is a great resource for any
classroom to go and visit. The SDIL helps pay for travel to Sioux
Falls and covers substitute teachers for the day and lunches, as
well as all the expenses for the projects and activities in the
There are a lot of great education experiences out there, said
Tucker, but limited resources can be a problem. "The lab takes funding
out of the equation for smaller schools," she said.