Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
- Volume 12 Number 12
January 2015 - Volume 13 Number 1
by Paul and Vicki
Lillian Pitt is a Pacific Northwest Native American artist whose
ancestors lived in and near the Columbia River Gorge for over
10,000 years. Called simply the Big River or the Nch'i-Wana
by her ancestors, the Columbia River was the backbone of one
of the largest trade networks in all of Native America.
Museum of Art
From the unique Columbia River Gorge, Maryhill Museum of Art
collects, presents and preserves art and historical and natural
resources, to enrich and educate residents and visitors of
the Pacific Northwest.
The six-week Potawatomi Leadership Program brings a group of
8-10 promising young tribal members from around the world to
Shawnee, Oklahoma to learn about the government, culture, and
economic development of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation. At its
core, the Potawatomi Leadership Program strives to give interns
an accurate perception of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation as a
whole and cultivate talent from within to ensure that younger
generations are prepared for a role in the future governance
of their tribe.
Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development.
The Harvard Project aims to understand and foster the conditions
under which sustained, self-determined social and economic
development is achieved among American Indian nations through
applied research and service.
Makoce: A Dakota Place
The Dakota people have been intimately connected to the region
within and beyond the boundaries of Minnesota for
a very long time. But origin stories and events focus particular
meaning on Mnisota Makoce. The Dakota language is written on
the landscape of the Twin Cities, in place names from Mendota
to Anoka. The language is one reflection of deep connection
to this place.
is Native American Heritage Month
The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration,
National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art,
National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum join in paying tribute to the rich
ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
Language Reclamation Project
Reclaiming our language is one means of repairing the
broken circle of cultural loss and pain. To be able to understand
and speak our language means to see the world as our families
did for centuries. This is but one path which keeps us connected
to our people, the earth, and the philosophies and truths given
to us by the Creator. -- jessie little doe
baird, Project Founder
Still Live Here (Âs Nutayuneân)
We Still Live Here (Âs Nutayuneân) tells a remarkable
story of cultural revival by the Wampanoag of Southeastern
Massachusetts. Their ancestors ensured the survival of the
Pilgrims in New England, and lived to regret it. Now they
are saying loud and clear in their Native tongue, Âs
NutayuneânWe Still Live Here.
The village of Ninstints (Nans Dins) is located on a small island
off the west coast of the Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii).
Remains of houses, together with carved mortuary and memorial
poles, illustrate the Haida people's art and way of life. The
site commemorates the living culture of the Haida people and
their relationship to the land and sea, and offers a visual
key to their oral traditions.
Nandagikendan Early Childhood Urban Immersion Program
Welcome to the Wicoie Nandagikendan Early Childhood Urban Immersion
Projects website. Wicoie Nandagikendan provides a 3-hour-a-day
preschool language immersion experience. It builds on the integral
connections between culture, literacy, and educational attainment.
The project partners with existing programs to provide the classrooms
with Ojibwe and Dakota speakers as well as curriculum in those
Under the leadership of President Thomas Jefferson, the United
States purchased 827,987 square miles of territory from France
on May 2, 1803 for $15 million. It was a momentous event that
doubled the size of the new country, and greatly increased its
economic power. Learn more at the following sites.
Lewis & Clark: Louisiana Purchase
"President Thomas Jefferson wrote to a fellow scientist
in late January, 1804, that I confess I look to the duplication
of area for extending a government so free and economical as
ours, as a great achievement to the mass of happiness which
is to ensue.'" Professor Pierce Mullen of Montana State
University contributed this Louisiana Purchase essay to the
Discovering Lewis & Clark project. It offers detailed insight
into the Purchase, presented in a engaging format. Don't skip
Side Lights, which offers a timeline and a gallery of important
Westward Expansion: Louisiana Purchase
"At first Napoleon refused to sell. He had hopes of creating
a massive empire that included the Americas. However, soon Napoleon
began to have troubles in Europe and he needed money desperately.
James Monroe traveled to France to work with Robert Livingston.
In 1803, Napoleon offered to sell the entire Louisiana Territory
to the United States for $15 million." Ducksters provides
an introduction to the Louisiana Purchase for elementary and
middle school students that concludes with a short list of interesting
facts. Be sure to follow the hyperlinks for more details on
Thomas Jefferson, French Emperor Napoleon, Lewis and Clark,
and other forays into Western Expansion.
America: Louisiana Purchase Treaty
"Though the transaction [the Lousiana Purchase] was quickly
sealed, there were those who objected to the purchase on the
grounds that the Constitution did not provide for purchasing
territory. However, Jefferson temporarily set aside his idealism
to tell his supporters in Congress that 'what is practicable
must often control what is pure theory.' The majority agreed."
Early America has an excellent introduction to the Louisiana
Purchase, a complete transcription of the treaty, as well as
a nice collection of maps.
The Louisiana Purchase
Montecillo.org is a project of The Thomas Jefferson Foundation,
which owns and operates the estate that Jefferson designed and
built near Charlottesville, Virginia. This Louisiana Purchase
page is part of the site's Jefferson's West section, which also
covers Jefferson's role in sending Lewis and Clark on their
famous expedition. This is another one perfect for school reports,
especially those with a focus on Thomas Jefferson's leadership
in dealing with the Spanish and the French for control of the
Documents: Louisiana Purchase Treaty
Visit this National Archives site for an overview of the Louisiana
Purchase, pictures of the original document and its ornate
cover, and a transcript of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty.
Follow the View Related Documents link for an introduction
to the three-language public notice (called a broadside) that
was written in December of 1803 to announce the Louisiana
Purchase, and to clarify citizenship status for the residents
of New Orleans.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 1827) is one of the greatest
composers in history. His work marked a turning point for composers,
who had previously written primarily for religious services,
to teach, or to entertain at social functions. But Beethovens
music was listened to for pleasure. His pioneering work gave
musicians a new freedom to express themselves.
"As a young man Beethoven moved to Vienna, intending to
study under Mozart. He did study with and befriend Hadyn, and
soon his career as a brilliant pianist, conductor and composer
took off. In fact he was the first musician who managed to make
a living from his music without being employed by a king or
noble and working for the court." Visit Activity Village
for a short biography, followed by eight printable activity
sheets including coloring pages, a quote poster, story paper,
and "Learn to Draw Beethoven."
All About Beethoven includes a bio and a timeline, but my favorite
section is Beethoven's Music, where you'll be introduced to
Beethoven's major works in ten different genres. "Beethoven
is the composer responsible for bringing chamber music to the
concert hall. ... They [his chamber music pieces] are also seen
as pushing the boundaries of acceptable harmony of that time,
and are regarded as some of his most profound works." There
is also a section of free classical sheet music (in PDF) that
includes works by Beethoven, Bach, Mozart and a handful of others.
FM: Ludwig van Beethoven
"Ill health and increasing deafness caused a drop in productivity
at the end of Beethoven's life, but he still managed to produce
important works like his 'Late Quartets' in 1825, which were
wildly inventive for the time." Classic FM's Beethoven
section includes an abbreviated biography, twenty interesting
facts, video, album reviews, links to recordings on iTunes,
several feature articles and a collection of twenty composer
quotes, including this one from Beethoven. "Don't only
practice your art, but force your way into its secrets."
of Praise: Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven "knew he could play the piano very well and began
to play at parties and to give concerts around Europe. When
he needed an orchestra, he used a big orchestra. He would even
use some of the instruments in the orchestra to sound like birds
in the forest." Specifically for elementary and middle-schools
students. Garden of Praise provides a very short Beethoven biography,
online activities, printable worksheets, an online quiz, a bibliography
of books, and links to additional Beethoven sites.
Dominique Prévot shares his Beethoven passion with
the world with this fan site, published in four languages.
The site includes a biography, an illustrated family tree,
a portrait gallery, and a Beethoven discussion forum. My favorite
clicks were the stamp exhibit (look in Collections) and the
coverage of Beethoven's descent into deafness (look for the
Health icon on the biography page.) Find the School icon for
a five-page guided site tour.
Rear Admiral Grace Hopper
Rear Admiral Grace Hopper (December 9, 1906 January 1,
1992) was a U.S. Naval officer and a pioneering computer programmer.
Among other accomplishments, Admiral Hopper was instrumental
in the development of the computer programming language COBOL.
Heres another fun fact: she was the first to use the term
debugging for removing glitches (or bugs) from computer
instructions. The very first computer bug was, in fact, a moth.
Read more about Amazing Grace at this weeks
Minutes: Grace Hopper: She Taught Computers to Talk
"Believe it or not, the world of computers didn't begin
with Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. Back in 1983, Morley Safer sat
down with 76-year-old U.S. Navy Captain Grace Hopper who, at
the time, had the distinction of being the oldest woman in the
Armed Forces. But that was far from the only reason she merited
a 60 Minutes profile." Visit to watch Safer's four-minute
interview with Hopper.
Women in History: Admiral "Amazing Grace" Hopper
This one-page Amazing Women biography about "Amazing Grace"
includes lots of quotes and photos, as well as a bibliography.
"Her belief that programming languages should be as easily
understood as English was highly influential on the development
of one of the first programming languages called COBOL. It is
largely due to Grace Hopper's influence that programmers use
"if/thens" instead of 1s and 0s today."
After receiving her PhD in mathematics from Yale in 1934, Hopper
became an associate professor at Vassar. During World War II,
she left Vassar and joined the U.S. Naval Reserve, where she
was assigned to a computer project at Harvard University, and
learned to program. Visit this Biography channel site to read
more about Hopper's career and "amazing" accomplishments.
History & Heritage: Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper
This biography starts with Hopper's rather lengthy resume, and
concludes with several articles about her legacy, and a large
bibliography of books and periodicals. Hopper "was a very
curious child. Once when she was seven years old, her curiosity
got the best of her. She decided to find out how her alarm clock
worked. After an unsuccessful attempt at putting it back together,
she ended up taking apart seven alarm clocks she found throughout
the house. When her mother caught on to what she was doing,
she was restricted to one clock. She carried this curiosity
throughout her whole life, having a weakness for gadgets and
how they worked."
"Humans are allergic to change. They love to say, We've
always done it this way.' I try to fight that. That's why
I have a clock on my wall that runs counter-clockwise."
Wikiquote has a collection of Hopper quotes, including a picture
of the two-inch moth that was removed from Harvard's Mark
II computer in 1947. "From then on, when anything went
wrong with a computer, we said it had bugs in it."
Easy Cookie Recipes
In his 1980 book The Sesame Street Dictionary , Cookie Monster
declares December 4 to be National Cookie Day. In celebration
of this (and the upcoming holidays), here are my picks for easy
No Bake Cookies
With familiar favorites like Marshmallow Treats and Peanut Butter
Haystacks, as well as new discoveries such as Chocolate Mice
shaped from a chocolate/sour cream/cookie crumb "dough,"
these no-bake delights are sure to please. One of my favorite
features at AllRecipes is the user-submitted photos. Some of
these delightful creations were certainly made by kids. I just
loved browsing through them!
Recipes.com: Quick and Easy Cookies
Another cookie collection from AllRecipes.com, this one from
their Quick and Easy section. At the top of the page, you'll
find Staff Picks (Best Peanut Butter Cookies Ever and Aaron's
Chocolate Chunk Oatmeal Cookies) followed by 200 more recipes
sorted by popularity. It's no surprise that Quick and Easy Brownies
"won" first place. Doesn't everyone love chocolate?
Crocker: Kids' Cookie Recipes
"Letting children help bake cookies can get a little
messy. But by assigning tasks based on their ages, you'll sprinkle
in a sense of pride at the same time they learn key skills."
This beautifully photographed Betty Crocker collection includes
tips for baking with kids, Christmas Cookies Kids Can Decorate,
ideas for a cookie exchange party for kids, as well as individual
100+ Fabulous Easy Cookies
"Bakers love to make them, and everyone loves to eat
them. Cookies are a simple sweet treat that are perfect for
any occasion. We've gathered some of our favorite cookie recipe
collections for you to enjoy." Delish's cookies are organized
into categories such as Kids' Cookie Party Recipes, Christmas
Cookie Recipes, Chocolate Chip Cookies, and Peanut Butter Cookies.
They also have a collection of easy drop cookies (no freezing,
cutting, or rolling.)
Quick And Easy Kid-Friendly Cookies and Brownies
Fudge Crinkles (a four ingredient cake mix cookie), Cinnamon
Cookies, and Magic Layer Bars, oh my! Food.com's recipes include
user ratings, reviews, and photos (yay!) To add your own reviews
and photos, register for a free account.
Math puzzles really do offer something for everyone. They
can be used to engage kids who think they dont like
math, or provide enrichment to those who already love math.
Todays collection includes interactive and printable
puzzles, brainteasers and math games for all aptitude levels.
Activities Integrating Math and Science (AIMS) offers over a
hundred math puzzles, categorized by type and difficulty. "The
puzzles have not been assigned a grade level appropriateness
because we have discovered that the ability to do a puzzle varies
by individual not grade level." Puzzle categories include
Arrangement, Dissection, Divergent Thinking, Number, Logic,
Toothpick, and Visual . To reveal the solution, click on the
arrow below the puzzle.
the Knot: Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles
Dr. Alexander Bogomolny, a former associate math professor at
the University of Iowa, describes the reason for his collection
of interactive math puzzles: "Without going into research
and speculations as to what causes math anxiety I hope to create
a resource that would help learn, if not math itself, then,
at least, ways to appreciate its beauty." For middle-school
and high- school students, there are algebra, geometry, and
probability puzzles, along with dozens of other categories such
as Visual Illusions and Analog Gadgets.
Mike' Math Games
Dr. Mike's games are nicely organized by grade level (K through
7), category (Magic Squares, Times Tables, Fractions) and type
(Printable, Online and Calculator.) The online games include
arcade-style shoot 'em ups, quizzes, flashcards, and a Weekly
Math Puzzle gadget you can add to your Google homepage. Be sure
to visit the Popular page, which lists those games and puzzles
that have been most popular this week and this year.
Erich Friedman is an Associate Professor of Mathematics at Stetson
University in DeLand, Florida. His site covers a potpourri of
his interests such as Math Magic, Ambigrams and a world of map
of places Friedman has received email from! This page is devoted
to puzzles, and it's my pick of the day because of the quantity
and quality of the puzzles. There are a few word puzzles in
the mix (I loved the anagram puzzles!) but most involve logic,
number sense, geometry, and chess.
"A rectangular sheet of paper is folded so that two diagonally
opposite corners come together. If the crease formed is the
same length as the longer side of the sheet, what is the ratio
of the longer side of the sheet to the shorter side?"
Although Nick Hobson doesn't appear to be adding any new puzzles,
his collection is quite big with 160 math puzzles. Each one
links to both a hint and the answer. Many of the puzzles also
provide the solution, which is what your teacher wants want
when she says "Show your work."
Students And Teachers Against Racism
announces their new website that offers insight into the Native
American perspective to teachers and educators.
Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund
raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek
to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination,
racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.