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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Lillian Pitt
Lillian Pitt is a Pacific Northwest Native American artist whose ancestors lived in and near the Columbia River Gorge for over 10,000 years. Called simply the Big River or the Nch'i-Wana by her ancestors, the Columbia River was the backbone of one of the largest trade networks in all of Native America.

Maryhill Museum of Art
From the unique Columbia River Gorge, Maryhill Museum of Art collects, presents and preserves art and historical and natural resources, to enrich and educate residents and visitors of the Pacific Northwest.

Potawatomi Leadership Program
The six-week Potawatomi Leadership Program brings a group of 8-10 promising young tribal members from around the world to Shawnee, Oklahoma to learn about the government, culture, and economic development of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation. At its core, the Potawatomi Leadership Program strives to give interns an accurate perception of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation as a whole and cultivate talent from within to ensure that younger generations are prepared for a role in the future governance of their tribe.

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development.
The Harvard Project aims to understand and foster the conditions under which sustained, self-determined social and economic development is achieved among American Indian nations through applied research and service.

Mnisota Makoce: A Dakota Place
The Dakota people have been intimately connected to the region within and beyond the boundaries of “Minnesota” for a very long time. But origin stories and events focus particular meaning on Mnisota Makoce. The Dakota language is written on the landscape of the Twin Cities, in place names from Mendota to Anoka. The language is one reflection of deep connection to this place.
November is Native American Heritage Month
The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum join in paying tribute to the rich ancestry and traditions of Native Americans.
Wôpanâak Language Reclamation Project
“Reclaiming our language is one means of repairing the broken circle of cultural loss and pain. To be able to understand and speak our language means to see the world as our families did for centuries. This is but one path which keeps us connected to our people, the earth, and the philosophies and truths given to us by the Creator.” -- jessie ‘little doe’ baird, Project Founder

We Still Live Here (Âs Nutayuneân)
We Still Live Here (Âs Nutayuneân) tells a remarkable story of cultural revival by the Wampanoag of Southeastern Massachusetts. Their ancestors ensured the survival of the Pilgrims in New England, and lived to regret it. Now they are saying loud and clear in their Native tongue, Âs Nutayuneân—We Still Live Here.

SGang Gwaay
The village of Ninstints (Nans Dins) is located on a small island off the west coast of the Queen Charlotte Islands (Haida Gwaii). Remains of houses, together with carved mortuary and memorial poles, illustrate the Haida people's art and way of life. The site commemorates the living culture of the Haida people and their relationship to the land and sea, and offers a visual key to their oral traditions.
Wicoie Nandagikendan Early Childhood Urban Immersion Program
Welcome to the Wicoie Nandagikendan Early Childhood Urban Immersion Project’s website. Wicoie Nandagikendan provides a 3-hour-a-day preschool language immersion experience. It builds on the integral connections between culture, literacy, and educational attainment. The project partners with existing programs to provide the classrooms with Ojibwe and Dakota speakers as well as curriculum in those languages.
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Louisiana Purchase
Under the leadership of President Thomas Jefferson, the United States purchased 827,987 square miles of territory from France on May 2, 1803 for $15 million. It was a momentous event that doubled the size of the new country, and greatly increased its economic power. Learn more at the following sites.
Discovering Lewis & Clark: Louisiana Purchase
"President Thomas Jefferson wrote to a fellow scientist in late January, 1804, that ‘I confess I look to the duplication of area for extending a government so free and economical as ours, as a great achievement to the mass of happiness which is to ensue.'" Professor Pierce Mullen of Montana State University contributed this Louisiana Purchase essay to the Discovering Lewis & Clark project. It offers detailed insight into the Purchase, presented in a engaging format. Don't skip Side Lights, which offers a timeline and a gallery of important players.
Ducksters: Westward Expansion: Louisiana Purchase
"At first Napoleon refused to sell. He had hopes of creating a massive empire that included the Americas. However, soon Napoleon began to have troubles in Europe and he needed money desperately. James Monroe traveled to France to work with Robert Livingston. In 1803, Napoleon offered to sell the entire Louisiana Territory to the United States for $15 million." Ducksters provides an introduction to the Louisiana Purchase for elementary and middle school students that concludes with a short list of interesting facts. Be sure to follow the hyperlinks for more details on Thomas Jefferson, French Emperor Napoleon, Lewis and Clark, and other forays into Western Expansion.
Early America: Louisiana Purchase Treaty
"Though the transaction [the Lousiana Purchase] was quickly sealed, there were those who objected to the purchase on the grounds that the Constitution did not provide for purchasing territory. However, Jefferson temporarily set aside his idealism to tell his supporters in Congress that 'what is practicable must often control what is pure theory.' The majority agreed." Early America has an excellent introduction to the Louisiana Purchase, a complete transcription of the treaty, as well as a nice collection of maps.
Montecillo: The Louisiana Purchase is a project of The Thomas Jefferson Foundation, which owns and operates the estate that Jefferson designed and built near Charlottesville, Virginia. This Louisiana Purchase page is part of the site's Jefferson's West section, which also covers Jefferson's role in sending Lewis and Clark on their famous expedition. This is another one perfect for school reports, especially those with a focus on Thomas Jefferson's leadership in dealing with the Spanish and the French for control of the Louisiana territories.

Our Documents: Louisiana Purchase Treaty
Visit this National Archives site for an overview of the Louisiana Purchase, pictures of the original document and its ornate cover, and a transcript of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty. Follow the View Related Documents link for an introduction to the three-language public notice (called a broadside) that was written in December of 1803 to announce the Louisiana Purchase, and to clarify citizenship status for the residents of New Orleans.

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Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827) is one of the greatest composers in history. His work marked a turning point for composers, who had previously written primarily for religious services, to teach, or to entertain at social functions. But Beethoven’s music was listened to for pleasure. His pioneering work gave musicians a new freedom to express themselves.
Activity Village: Beethoven
"As a young man Beethoven moved to Vienna, intending to study under Mozart. He did study with and befriend Hadyn, and soon his career as a brilliant pianist, conductor and composer took off. In fact he was the first musician who managed to make a living from his music without being employed by a king or noble and working for the court." Visit Activity Village for a short biography, followed by eight printable activity sheets including coloring pages, a quote poster, story paper, and "Learn to Draw Beethoven."
All About Beethoven
All About Beethoven includes a bio and a timeline, but my favorite section is Beethoven's Music, where you'll be introduced to Beethoven's major works in ten different genres. "Beethoven is the composer responsible for bringing chamber music to the concert hall. ... They [his chamber music pieces] are also seen as pushing the boundaries of acceptable harmony of that time, and are regarded as some of his most profound works." There is also a section of free classical sheet music (in PDF) that includes works by Beethoven, Bach, Mozart and a handful of others.
Classic FM: Ludwig van Beethoven
"Ill health and increasing deafness caused a drop in productivity at the end of Beethoven's life, but he still managed to produce important works like his 'Late Quartets' in 1825, which were wildly inventive for the time." Classic FM's Beethoven section includes an abbreviated biography, twenty interesting facts, video, album reviews, links to recordings on iTunes, several feature articles and a collection of twenty composer quotes, including this one from Beethoven. "Don't only practice your art, but force your way into its secrets."
Garden of Praise: Ludwig van Beethoven
Beethoven "knew he could play the piano very well and began to play at parties and to give concerts around Europe. When he needed an orchestra, he used a big orchestra. He would even use some of the instruments in the orchestra to sound like birds in the forest." Specifically for elementary and middle-schools students. Garden of Praise provides a very short Beethoven biography, online activities, printable worksheets, an online quiz, a bibliography of books, and links to additional Beethoven sites.

Ludwig van Beethoven'sWebsite
Dominique Prévot shares his Beethoven passion with the world with this fan site, published in four languages. The site includes a biography, an illustrated family tree, a portrait gallery, and a Beethoven discussion forum. My favorite clicks were the stamp exhibit (look in Collections) and the coverage of Beethoven's descent into deafness (look for the Health icon on the biography page.) Find the School icon for a five-page guided site tour.

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Rear Admiral Grace Hopper
Rear Admiral Grace Hopper (December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was a U.S. Naval officer and a pioneering computer programmer. Among other accomplishments, Admiral Hopper was instrumental in the development of the computer programming language COBOL. Here’s another fun fact: she was the first to use the term “debugging” for removing glitches (or bugs) from computer instructions. The very first computer bug was, in fact, a moth. Read more about “Amazing Grace” at this week’s web picks.
60 Minutes: Grace Hopper: She Taught Computers to Talk
"Believe it or not, the world of computers didn't begin with Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. Back in 1983, Morley Safer sat down with 76-year-old U.S. Navy Captain Grace Hopper who, at the time, had the distinction of being the oldest woman in the Armed Forces. But that was far from the only reason she merited a 60 Minutes profile." Visit to watch Safer's four-minute interview with Hopper.
Amazing Women in History: Admiral "Amazing Grace" Hopper
This one-page Amazing Women biography about "Amazing Grace" includes lots of quotes and photos, as well as a bibliography. "Her belief that programming languages should be as easily understood as English was highly influential on the development of one of the first programming languages called COBOL. It is largely due to Grace Hopper's influence that programmers use "if/thens" instead of 1s and 0s today."
Bio: Grace Hopper
After receiving her PhD in mathematics from Yale in 1934, Hopper became an associate professor at Vassar. During World War II, she left Vassar and joined the U.S. Naval Reserve, where she was assigned to a computer project at Harvard University, and learned to program. Visit this Biography channel site to read more about Hopper's career and "amazing" accomplishments.
Naval History & Heritage: Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper
This biography starts with Hopper's rather lengthy resume, and concludes with several articles about her legacy, and a large bibliography of books and periodicals. Hopper "was a very curious child. Once when she was seven years old, her curiosity got the best of her. She decided to find out how her alarm clock worked. After an unsuccessful attempt at putting it back together, she ended up taking apart seven alarm clocks she found throughout the house. When her mother caught on to what she was doing, she was restricted to one clock. She carried this curiosity throughout her whole life, having a weakness for gadgets and how they worked."

Wikiquote: Grace Hopper
"Humans are allergic to change. They love to say, ‘We've always done it this way.' I try to fight that. That's why I have a clock on my wall that runs counter-clockwise." Wikiquote has a collection of Hopper quotes, including a picture of the two-inch moth that was removed from Harvard's Mark II computer in 1947. "From then on, when anything went wrong with a computer, we said it had bugs in it."

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Easy Cookie Recipes
In his 1980 book The Sesame Street Dictionary , Cookie Monster declares December 4 to be National Cookie Day. In celebration of this (and the upcoming holidays), here are my picks for easy cookie recipes. No Bake Cookies
With familiar favorites like Marshmallow Treats and Peanut Butter Haystacks, as well as new discoveries such as Chocolate Mice shaped from a chocolate/sour cream/cookie crumb "dough," these no-bake delights are sure to please. One of my favorite features at AllRecipes is the user-submitted photos. Some of these delightful creations were certainly made by kids. I just loved browsing through them!
All Quick and Easy Cookies
Another cookie collection from, this one from their Quick and Easy section. At the top of the page, you'll find Staff Picks (Best Peanut Butter Cookies Ever and Aaron's Chocolate Chunk Oatmeal Cookies) followed by 200 more recipes sorted by popularity. It's no surprise that Quick and Easy Brownies "won" first place. Doesn't everyone love chocolate?
Betty Crocker: Kids' Cookie Recipes
"Letting children help bake cookies can get a little messy. But by assigning tasks based on their ages, you'll sprinkle in a sense of pride at the same time they learn key skills." This beautifully photographed Betty Crocker collection includes tips for baking with kids, Christmas Cookies Kids Can Decorate, ideas for a cookie exchange party for kids, as well as individual cookie recipes.
Delish: 100+ Fabulous Easy Cookies
"Bakers love to make them, and everyone loves to eat them. Cookies are a simple sweet treat that are perfect for any occasion. We've gathered some of our favorite cookie recipe collections for you to enjoy." Delish's cookies are organized into categories such as Kids' Cookie Party Recipes, Christmas Cookie Recipes, Chocolate Chip Cookies, and Peanut Butter Cookies. They also have a collection of easy drop cookies (no freezing, cutting, or rolling.) Quick And Easy Kid-Friendly Cookies and Brownies
Fudge Crinkles (a four ingredient cake mix cookie), Cinnamon Cookies, and Magic Layer Bars, oh my!'s recipes include user ratings, reviews, and photos (yay!) To add your own reviews and photos, register for a free account.

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Math Puzzles
Math puzzles really do offer something for everyone. They can be used to engage kids who think they don’t like math, or provide enrichment to those who already love math. Today’s collection includes interactive and printable puzzles, brainteasers and math games for all aptitude levels.
AIMS Puzzle Corner
Activities Integrating Math and Science (AIMS) offers over a hundred math puzzles, categorized by type and difficulty. "The puzzles have not been assigned a grade level appropriateness because we have discovered that the ability to do a puzzle varies by individual not grade level." Puzzle categories include Arrangement, Dissection, Divergent Thinking, Number, Logic, Toothpick, and Visual . To reveal the solution, click on the arrow below the puzzle.
Cut the Knot: Interactive Mathematics Miscellany and Puzzles
Dr. Alexander Bogomolny, a former associate math professor at the University of Iowa, describes the reason for his collection of interactive math puzzles: "Without going into research and speculations as to what causes math anxiety I hope to create a resource that would help learn, if not math itself, then, at least, ways to appreciate its beauty." For middle-school and high- school students, there are algebra, geometry, and probability puzzles, along with dozens of other categories such as Visual Illusions and Analog Gadgets.
Dr. Mike' Math Games
Dr. Mike's games are nicely organized by grade level (K through 7), category (Magic Squares, Times Tables, Fractions) and type (Printable, Online and Calculator.) The online games include arcade-style shoot 'em ups, quizzes, flashcards, and a Weekly Math Puzzle gadget you can add to your Google homepage. Be sure to visit the Popular page, which lists those games and puzzles that have been most popular this week and this year.
Erich' Puzzle Palace
Erich Friedman is an Associate Professor of Mathematics at Stetson University in DeLand, Florida. His site covers a potpourri of his interests such as Math Magic, Ambigrams and a world of map of places Friedman has received email from! This page is devoted to puzzles, and it's my pick of the day because of the quantity and quality of the puzzles. There are a few word puzzles in the mix (I loved the anagram puzzles!) but most involve logic, number sense, geometry, and chess.

Nick' Mathematical Puzzles
"A rectangular sheet of paper is folded so that two diagonally opposite corners come together. If the crease formed is the same length as the longer side of the sheet, what is the ratio of the longer side of the sheet to the shorter side?" Although Nick Hobson doesn't appear to be adding any new puzzles, his collection is quite big with 160 math puzzles. Each one links to both a hint and the answer. Many of the puzzles also provide the solution, which is what your teacher wants want when she says "Show your work."

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2014 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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