Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
July 2015 - Volume
13 Number 7
by Paul and Vicki
American Veterans Attitudes, Perceptions, and Beliefs about
This study is being conducted to explore the perceptions, knowledge,
and attitudes among active and former Native American service-members
of the United States armed services regarding Posttraumatic
Stress Disorder (PTSD). You are being asked to participate because
we value your opinion, experience, and perceptions as a service-member.
You do not need to have experienced any symptoms of PTSD in
order to participate. The survey will take about 10-15 minutes.
If you choose to participate, you will be asked to answer questions
regarding your perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of PTSD
and similar combat stress disorders and their treatment.
Great Inka Road
The Qhapaq Ñan, or Road of the Inka, made this triumph
possible. A vast complex of roads, bridges, and other structures,
the Qhapaq Ñan was the largest construction in the Western
Hemisphere when Inka power was at its height. The Inka state
used the road system strategically to oversee diverse populations
within an empire of 2 million square kilometers (772,000 square
miles), the equivalent of California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico,
and Texas combined.
Snow Eagle House
The Grey Snow Eagle House provides homes to over 45 bald and
golden eagles from throughout the United States, in addition
the facility has released 13 eagles back into the wild from
Oklahoma. The facility is able to do this through its possession
of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services Eagle Rehabilitation
and Native American Eagle Aviary permits.
Though its roots are ancient, the Chickasaw language is very
much alive today. Use these resources and learn Chickasaw words
and phrases through easy instructional videos, discover the
multitude of educational opportunities the Chickasaw Nation
offers, meet the Chickasaw elders and linguists who are keeping
the Nations spoken word alive and explore a web app to
further your mastery of the Chickasaw language. Chinittakat
Hermione Voyage 2015
To symbolize and rekindle through the Hermione the intimate
ties between France and the United States, and the spirit of
liberty that sustains them. To demonstrate the inestimable value
of history, to the present and the future, and to show that
it can be a living force in increasing our understanding of
Mobile Famers Market
Mobile Famers Market is an innovative approach aiming to strengthen
the regional American Indian food economy by enhancing the areas
food distribution network. A fuel-efficient cargo van will allow
transportation of product across the region, as well as providing
support to start farmers markets in interested Tribal communities.
The nonprofit mission of Native Seeds/SEARCH is to conserve
and promote arid-adapted crop diversity to nourish a changing
world. We work within the southwestern United States and northwestern
Mexico to strengthen regional food security.
The OpEd Project's mission is to increase the range of voices
and quality of ideas we hear in the world. A starting goal is
to increase the number of women thought leaders in key commentary
forums to a tipping point. We envision a world where the best
ideas - regardless of where they come from - will have a chance
to be heard, and to shape society and the world.
of Native Health
Extreme poverty and the loss of traditional foods have caused
many Native Americans to suffer from poor or inadequate diets.
This has led to increased obesity, diabetes, and other profound
health problems on a large scale.
Wozupi (Garden) is a demonstration of one of the many supportive
and healthy ways the Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota are caring
for the environment, the earth, the community and future generations.
Wozupi is committed to providing locally grown whole foods to
the Community, produced using fair labor practices and environmentally
sustainable methods and educational opportunities for both children
and adult. Producing local, sustainably grown, whole foods and
educational programming for our Community benefits the health
and wellbeing of everyone.
Strong for American Indian Youth
Running Strong's mission is to help American Indian people meet
their immediate survival needs food, water, and shelter
while implementing and supporting programs designed to
create opportunities for self-sufficiency and self-esteem.
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) rose to power during the French
Revolution (1789-1799), and declared himself emperor of France
in 1804. After a tumultuous decade, during which Napoleon
was exiled, he returned to Paris in 1815, and embarked on
a military crusade to conquer Europe. This became known as
his 100 Days Campaign. On June 18, 1815, at the Battle of
Waterloo in Belgium, Napoleon was defeated by British and
Prussian troops led by the Duke of Wellington.
Battle of Waterloo Game
Battle it out at Waterloo as either Napoleon or Wellington in
this interactive game from the BBC. You'll be given a bit of
history to start, and then you'll make decisions about your
troops and tactics. "You are the emperor Napoleon Bonaparte,
once the master of Europe until the other European powers combined
against you and forced you to abdicate in 1814. Now you have
escaped from your island prison on Elba and marched on Paris,
with your adoring people rushing to join you all the way."
Battle of Waterloo
"It was a showdown between two of history's military giants.
They were the same age, formidable strategists and had a string
of victories behind them. By 18 June, the outcome hung in the
balance and the victor would determine the fate of Europe."
Use the interactive timeline at the top of the page to jump
to various dates, or simply scroll down through the page. At
the bottom of the page, you'll find links to additional BBC
articles about Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington.
to History: Battle of Waterloo
After a short overview of the Battle of Waterloo, Eyewitness
to History introduces nineteen year-old Captain J.H. Gronow,
who served under the Duke of Wellington. "On the morning
of the 18th the sun shone most gloriously, and so clear was
the atmosphere that we could see the long, imposing lines of
the enemy most distinctly. Immediately in front of the division
to which I belonged, and, I should imagine, about half a mile
from us, were posted cavalry and artillery; and to the right
and left the French had already engaged us, attacking Huguemont
and La Haye Sainte."
Battle of Waterloo
"Napoleon rose through the ranks of the French army during
the French Revolution (1789-1799), seized control of the French
government in 1799 and became emperor in 1804. Through a series
of wars, he expanded his empire across western and central Europe."
History.com offers an illustrated look at Napoleon and his defeat
Napoleon: Interactive Battle Simulator
This battle simulator is from PBS, and again, you get to decide
whether to play as Napoleon or Wellington. "After you
have completed all of the situations, the final outcome of
the game will be displayed on the Outcome screen. There are
7 possible outcomes: Complete Allied Victory (The death of
Napoleon), Major Allied Victory (Historical), Minor Allied
Victory, Draw, Minor French Victory, Major French Victory,
or Early French Victory."
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known
as the War of Independence, had its origins in the objections
of many American colonists to the taxes imposed by Britain.
After the boycotts known as the Boston Tea Party, the colonists
formed the Continental Congress, which declared independence
from the King in July, 1776. War erupted soon afterwards.
Nicely organized into Battles, Important People, Historical
Events, Historical Documents and a Timeline, this site has lots
of concise American Revolution information for homework and
school reports. Best clicks are transcripts of many primary
source documents, such as George Washington's first inaugural
address and Patrick Henry's famous "Give Me Liberty or Give
Me Death" speech.
Nussbaum: American Revolution for Kids
Visit to learn about the battles of the American Revolution,
see a timeline of the war, play word games, make your own Revolutionary
War map, and scroll through some Revolutionary War flags. "The
Betsy Ross flag is probably the most well-known of all revolutionary
flags. Its 13 five pointed stars in the blue canton (corner
box of a flag) represent the original 13 colonies. Despite the
fact that many historians cast doubt on the assertion that Betsy
Ross designed the flag, it has become a popular and generally
American Revolution: Roads to Revolution
Created by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, this site tells
the story of the American Revolution with articles, a timeline,
biographies, and objects. "Between 1764 and 1775 thirteen British
colonies in North America each started down their own road to
revolution against the British Empire. As John Adams recalled,
the colonies were so different in their government, religions,
and customs, and had so little to do with each other, that
to unite them in the same principles in theory and the same
system of action' would be an extraordinary feat."
Liberty! The Road to Revolution
"It's 1763. You're a basically happy, content colonist in North
America. British and proud of it. The French and Indian War
has just ended. Peace reigns on the continent. What did Great
Britain create, in 1765, that put you on The Road to Revolution?"
So begins the interactive game that puts you in the middle of
the revolutionary action. Other fabulous clicks are Perspectives
on Liberty (a clickable view of daily colonial life) and Chronicle
of the Revolution.
Virtual Marching Tour of the American Revolution
In late July 1777 "the largest [British] armada ever assembled
in America set sail off of Sandy Hook, New Jersey. It was
carrying 17,000 British soldiers and sailors in over 260 ships.
The armada was headed for an attack on the capital city of
Philadelphia. They underwent a distressful thirty-four day
sea-trek. The voyage took its toll in lost time, seasick soldiers,
and scores of dead horses. Washington's troops started in
northern New Jersey and shadowed the movement of the British
fleet." Starting with an excellent intro to the events that
spurred the colonists to revolt, this virtual marching tour
provides a battle-by-battle view of the war.
Dr. Sally Ride (May 26, 1951 July 23, 2012), a 32-year-old
physicist and astronaut, became the first American woman in
space on June 18, 1983, when she flew a six-day mission aboard
the space shuttle Challenger. To this day, she also holds
the title of youngest American astronaut in space. Her illustrious
career was struck short when she died of pancreatic cancer
Business Review: Sally Ride
Dr. Ride died just weeks after her interview with Harvard Business
Review, which you can read or listen to here. "I never went
into physics or the astronaut corps to become a role model.
But after my first flight, it became clear to me that I was
one. And I began to understand the importance of that to people.
Young girls need to see role models in whatever careers they
may choose, just so they can picture themselves doing those
jobs someday. You can't be what you can't see."
History: Sally Ride and Valentina Tereshkova
On June 16, 1963, Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became
the first woman in space when she piloted Vostok 6, orbiting
the earth 48 times during her three days in space. Americans
didn't send a woman into space until 20 years later. This NASA
history lesson tells the story of two pioneers, Tereshkova and
Ride. "The legacies of their historic flights remind us of the
hard work, passion and dedication of the women who have worked
on the ground and in space to pave the way for 55 more women
(and counting) who have since journeyed into space."
Who was Sally Ride?
"Sally Ride applied to be an astronaut in 1977. It was the first
time that women were invited to apply to the astronaut program.
Ride was a college student and saw an advertisement that NASA
was looking for women astronauts. She was one of six women selected
to the astronaut corps in 1978." Below this feature, you'll
find links to a fantastic photo gallery, and a more extensive
Initiated by Dr. Ride, the Sally Ride EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge
Acquired by Middle school students) is a NASA educational project
that gives middle school students the opportunity to interact
with a camera on board the International Space Station. When
the camera is active (it usually runs about four times a year)
classroom students can request images of specific places on
Post: Sally Ride
"At the time of her flight in 1983, the focus of news coverage
was almost entirely on Ride's gender and what it could mean
for women in science. Nevermind that the flight produced a
number of firsts: Ride was the youngest American to travel
to space; the flight marked the first re-flight of an astronaut
on the space shuttle (Robert L. Crippen) and Challenger was
the first shuttle to have a planned end of mission landing."
Upon Dr. Ride's death in 2012, Washington Post remembered
her with this article that includes five reprints "from the
Washington Post's coverage of Ride's historic voyage, and
reactions at the time."
Anne Frank was just thirteen-years old when she and her family
went into hiding behind the Amsterdam office of her father
to avoid persecution by Hitler's Nazis. One of her dearest
possessions was the diary she had just received as a birthday
present. Anne died of typhus in March of 1945 at the Bergen-Belsen
concentration camp, but her father survived to publish her
diary in 1947. Today, translated into sixty-seven languages,
Anne Frank's diary has been read by millions.
Anne Frank's father, Otto Frank, established the Anne Frank
Fonds foundation in 1963 "to make the diaries and works by Anne
Frank accessible to the general public." Best clicks are found
in Family (photos, biographies, historical context) and Diary
(origin, short stories, and related books). "Miep Gies and Bep
Voskuij found Anne Frank's diaries after the family had been
deported. The women were secretaries for Opekta-Werke, where
Anne Frank's father had also worked, and were members of the
group of helpers who had hidden the family."
This guide is organized into three sections: Data (Anne Frank's
story), Timelime (Anne's life juxtaposed against the major events
of World War II), and Tips ("Putting together a good project
or talk can be difficult. Read our tips."). Other highlights
include This Day in History (factoids from the timeline) and
profiles of those who helped the Frank family while they were
hiding in the Secret Annex.
Millions of people from all over the world have visited the
house in Amsterdam where Anne Frank wrote her famous diary while
hiding from the Nazis. Best educational clicks are the Anne
Frank and Diary sections, which house a treasure trove of details
for school reports. And to put a modern twist on the lessons
of the holocaust, don't miss the Out of Line exhibit which explores
what happens when freedom of speech clashes with a person's
right to be protected against discrimination. Should neo-Nazis
be allowed to spread their racist message on the Internet? Should
the offensive lyrics of hip-hop artists be censored? Where do
you draw the line?
Petersburg Times: Anne Frank: Lessons in Human Rights and Dignity
"The powerful writings of a teenager from the darkness of her
hiding place during the Holocaust can teach us much about making
a difference for the 21st century." Using Anne's diary as a
framework, these online lessons from the St. Petersburg Times
address prejudice, hatred, and discrimination. Many of the thirty-five
single-page chapters conclude with topics for classroom discussion
and journal writing.
Holocaust Memorial Museum: Anne Frank: The Writer
"Between the ages of 13 and 15, Anne Frank wrote short stories,
fairy tales, essays and the beginnings of a novel. Five notebooks
and more than 300 loose pages, meticulously handwritten during
her two years in hiding, survived the war." Click Launch to
learn of Anne's legacy beyond her diary. Make sure that your
browser allows pop up windows.
Helen Keller was born in 1880 with sight and hearing, but
an illness at eighteen months left her deaf, blind, and mute.
Keller overcame these disabilities to became an international
spokesperson championing the causes of education, research
and opportunity for the blind. Among her many accomplishments
are publishing fourteen books, visiting thirty-five countries,
and meeting every U.S. president from Coolidge to Kennedy.
Foundation for the Blind: Life of Helen Keller
Helen Keller worked for The American Foundation for the Blind
from 1924 until her death in 1968. Their site is an excellent
resource for school reports, with a biography, quotes, photo
gallery, and an archive of essays, speeches, and letters. From
Helen Keller to Alexander Graham Bell, March 9, 1900: "A letter
always seems more truly my own when I can run my fingers over
it, and quickly enter into the thoughts and feelings of my friends
without an interpreter, even though the interpreter be the dearest
and sweetest in the world."
"After college, Keller set out to learn more about the world
and how she could help improve the lives of others. News of
her story spread beyond Massachusetts and New England. She became
a well-known celebrity and lecturer by sharing her experiences
with audiences, and working on behalf of others living with
disabilities." This one-page biography includes four videos,
and a sidebar of fast facts.
Bug: Helen Keller Kids Museum Online
For kids in elementary and middle school, Braille Bug is my
Helen Keller pick of the day. The American Foundation for the
Blind created Braille Bug to teach sighted children about braille.
Best clicks are the Keller biography, Fun Facts, and the extensive
bibliography for grades K- 8. "Helen Keller was born in a small
town called Tuscumbia, Alabama, on an estate called Ivy Green.
Her birthday was June 27, 1880, and her parents were Kate Adams
Keller and Colonel Arthur Keller."
Keller Foundation: Helen Keller
The Helen Keller Foundation promotes sight, speech and hearing
research, carrying on the life's work of their namesake. The
biography is short, and the best reasons to stop by are the
photos of Keller and the many luminaries she visited. These
include Alexander Graham Bell, Mark Twain, Charlie Chaplain,
Winston Churchill, Eleanor Roosevelt, and modern dancer Martha
The Quotations Page: Helen Keller
"When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often
we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the
one which has been opened for us." This collection includes
twenty-five quotations culled from a variety of online databases.
In addition to the Keller quotes, you'll find the meta-search
tool useful for finding other quotations. Quotations can be
found from a partial snippet (use the % as a wild card character)
or by author.
Students And Teachers Against Racism
announces their new website that offers insight into the Native
American perspective to teachers and educators.
Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund
raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek
to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination,
racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.