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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Native American Veterans Attitudes, Perceptions, and Beliefs about PTSD
This study is being conducted to explore the perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes among active and former Native American service-members of the United States armed services regarding Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). You are being asked to participate because we value your opinion, experience, and perceptions as a service-member. You do not need to have experienced any symptoms of PTSD in order to participate. The survey will take about 10-15 minutes. If you choose to participate, you will be asked to answer questions regarding your perceptions, knowledge, and attitudes of PTSD and similar combat stress disorders and their treatment.
The Great Inka Road
The Qhapaq Ñan, or Road of the Inka, made this triumph possible. A vast complex of roads, bridges, and other structures, the Qhapaq Ñan was the largest construction in the Western Hemisphere when Inka power was at its height. The Inka state used the road system strategically to oversee diverse populations within an empire of 2 million square kilometers (772,000 square miles), the equivalent of California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas combined.
Grey Snow Eagle House
The Grey Snow Eagle House provides homes to over 45 bald and golden eagles from throughout the United States, in addition the facility has released 13 eagles back into the wild from Oklahoma. The facility is able to do this through its possession of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Eagle Rehabilitation and Native American Eagle Aviary permits.
Chickasaw Language
Though its roots are ancient, the Chickasaw language is very much alive today. Use these resources and learn Chickasaw words and phrases through easy instructional videos, discover the multitude of educational opportunities the Chickasaw Nation offers, meet the Chickasaw elders and linguists who are keeping the Nation’s spoken word alive and explore a web app to further your mastery of the Chickasaw language. Chinittakat
Lafayette's Hermione Voyage 2015
To symbolize and rekindle through the Hermione the intimate ties between France and the United States, and the spirit of liberty that sustains them. To demonstrate the inestimable value of history, to the present and the future, and to show that it can be a living force in increasing our understanding of the world.
The Mobile Famers Market
Mobile Famers Market is an innovative approach aiming to strengthen the regional American Indian food economy by enhancing the area’s food distribution network. A fuel-efficient cargo van will allow transportation of product across the region, as well as providing support to start farmers markets in interested Tribal communities.
Native Seeds/SEARCH
The nonprofit mission of Native Seeds/SEARCH is to conserve and promote arid-adapted crop diversity to nourish a changing world. We work within the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico to strengthen regional food security.
The OpEd Project
The OpEd Project's mission is to increase the range of voices and quality of ideas we hear in the world. A starting goal is to increase the number of women thought leaders in key commentary forums to a tipping point. We envision a world where the best ideas - regardless of where they come from - will have a chance to be heard, and to shape society and the world.
Seeds of Native Health
Extreme poverty and the loss of traditional foods have caused many Native Americans to suffer from poor or inadequate diets. This has led to increased obesity, diabetes, and other profound health problems on a large scale.
Wozupi Tribal Gardens
Wozupi (Garden) is a demonstration of one of the many supportive and healthy ways the Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota are caring for the environment, the earth, the community and future generations. Wozupi is committed to providing locally grown whole foods to the Community, produced using fair labor practices and environmentally sustainable methods and educational opportunities for both children and adult. Producing local, sustainably grown, whole foods and educational programming for our Community benefits the health and wellbeing of everyone.
Running Strong for American Indian Youth
Running Strong's mission is to help American Indian people meet their immediate survival needs – food, water, and shelter – while implementing and supporting programs designed to create opportunities for self-sufficiency and self-esteem.
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Battle of Waterloo
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) rose to power during the French Revolution (1789-1799), and declared himself emperor of France in 1804. After a tumultuous decade, during which Napoleon was exiled, he returned to Paris in 1815, and embarked on a military crusade to conquer Europe. This became known as his 100 Days Campaign. On June 18, 1815, at the Battle of Waterloo in Belgium, Napoleon was defeated by British and Prussian troops led by the Duke of Wellington.
BBC: Battle of Waterloo Game
Battle it out at Waterloo as either Napoleon or Wellington in this interactive game from the BBC. You'll be given a bit of history to start, and then you'll make decisions about your troops and tactics. "You are the emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, once the master of Europe until the other European powers combined against you and forced you to abdicate in 1814. Now you have escaped from your island prison on Elba and marched on Paris, with your adoring people rushing to join you all the way."
BBC: Battle of Waterloo
"It was a showdown between two of history's military giants. They were the same age, formidable strategists and had a string of victories behind them. By 18 June, the outcome hung in the balance and the victor would determine the fate of Europe." Use the interactive timeline at the top of the page to jump to various dates, or simply scroll down through the page. At the bottom of the page, you'll find links to additional BBC articles about Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington.
Eyewitness to History: Battle of Waterloo
After a short overview of the Battle of Waterloo, Eyewitness to History introduces nineteen year-old Captain J.H. Gronow, who served under the Duke of Wellington. "On the morning of the 18th the sun shone most gloriously, and so clear was the atmosphere that we could see the long, imposing lines of the enemy most distinctly. Immediately in front of the division to which I belonged, and, I should imagine, about half a mile from us, were posted cavalry and artillery; and to the right and left the French had already engaged us, attacking Huguemont and La Haye Sainte." Battle of Waterloo
"Napoleon rose through the ranks of the French army during the French Revolution (1789-1799), seized control of the French government in 1799 and became emperor in 1804. Through a series of wars, he expanded his empire across western and central Europe." offers an illustrated look at Napoleon and his defeat at Waterloo.

PBS: Napoleon: Interactive Battle Simulator
This battle simulator is from PBS, and again, you get to decide whether to play as Napoleon or Wellington. "After you have completed all of the situations, the final outcome of the game will be displayed on the Outcome screen. There are 7 possible outcomes: Complete Allied Victory (The death of Napoleon), Major Allied Victory (Historical), Minor Allied Victory, Draw, Minor French Victory, Major French Victory, or Early French Victory."

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Revolutionary War
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the War of Independence, had its origins in the objections of many American colonists to the taxes imposed by Britain. After the boycotts known as the Boston Tea Party, the colonists formed the Continental Congress, which declared independence from the King in July, 1776. War erupted soon afterwards.
The American Revolution
Nicely organized into Battles, Important People, Historical Events, Historical Documents and a Timeline, this site has lots of concise American Revolution information for homework and school reports. Best clicks are transcripts of many primary source documents, such as George Washington's first inaugural address and Patrick Henry's famous "Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death" speech.
Mr. Nussbaum: American Revolution for Kids
Visit to learn about the battles of the American Revolution, see a timeline of the war, play word games, make your own Revolutionary War map, and scroll through some Revolutionary War flags. "The Betsy Ross flag is probably the most well-known of all revolutionary flags. Its 13 five pointed stars in the blue canton (corner box of a flag) represent the original 13 colonies. Despite the fact that many historians cast doubt on the assertion that Betsy Ross designed the flag, it has become a popular and generally accepted story."
Our American Revolution: Roads to Revolution
Created by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, this site tells the story of the American Revolution with articles, a timeline, biographies, and objects. "Between 1764 and 1775 thirteen British colonies in North America each started down their own road to revolution against the British Empire. As John Adams recalled, the colonies were so different in their government, religions, and customs, and had so little to do with each other, ‘that to unite them in the same principles in theory and the same system of action' would be an extraordinary feat."
PBS: Liberty! The Road to Revolution
"It's 1763. You're a basically happy, content colonist in North America. British and proud of it. The French and Indian War has just ended. Peace reigns on the continent. What did Great Britain create, in 1765, that put you on The Road to Revolution?" So begins the interactive game that puts you in the middle of the revolutionary action. Other fabulous clicks are Perspectives on Liberty (a clickable view of daily colonial life) and Chronicle of the Revolution. Virtual Marching Tour of the American Revolution
In late July 1777 "the largest [British] armada ever assembled in America set sail off of Sandy Hook, New Jersey. It was carrying 17,000 British soldiers and sailors in over 260 ships. The armada was headed for an attack on the capital city of Philadelphia. They underwent a distressful thirty-four day sea-trek. The voyage took its toll in lost time, seasick soldiers, and scores of dead horses. Washington's troops started in northern New Jersey and shadowed the movement of the British fleet." Starting with an excellent intro to the events that spurred the colonists to revolt, this virtual marching tour provides a battle-by-battle view of the war.

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Sally Ride
Dr. Sally Ride (May 26, 1951 – July 23, 2012), a 32-year-old physicist and astronaut, became the first American woman in space on June 18, 1983, when she flew a six-day mission aboard the space shuttle Challenger. To this day, she also holds the title of youngest American astronaut in space. Her illustrious career was struck short when she died of pancreatic cancer at 61.
Harvard Business Review: Sally Ride
Dr. Ride died just weeks after her interview with Harvard Business Review, which you can read or listen to here. "I never went into physics or the astronaut corps to become a role model. But after my first flight, it became clear to me that I was one. And I began to understand the importance of that to people. Young girls need to see role models in whatever careers they may choose, just so they can picture themselves doing those jobs someday. You can't be what you can't see."
NASA History: Sally Ride and Valentina Tereshkova
On June 16, 1963, Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space when she piloted Vostok 6, orbiting the earth 48 times during her three days in space. Americans didn't send a woman into space until 20 years later. This NASA history lesson tells the story of two pioneers, Tereshkova and Ride. "The legacies of their historic flights remind us of the hard work, passion and dedication of the women who have worked on the ground and in space to pave the way for 55 more women (and counting) who have since journeyed into space."
NASA: Who was Sally Ride?
"Sally Ride applied to be an astronaut in 1977. It was the first time that women were invited to apply to the astronaut program. Ride was a college student and saw an advertisement that NASA was looking for women astronauts. She was one of six women selected to the astronaut corps in 1978." Below this feature, you'll find links to a fantastic photo gallery, and a more extensive biography.
Sally Ride EarthKAM
Initiated by Dr. Ride, the Sally Ride EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle school students) is a NASA educational project that gives middle school students the opportunity to interact with a camera on board the International Space Station. When the camera is active (it usually runs about four times a year) classroom students can request images of specific places on Earth.

Washington Post: Sally Ride
"At the time of her flight in 1983, the focus of news coverage was almost entirely on Ride's gender and what it could mean for women in science. Nevermind that the flight produced a number of firsts: Ride was the youngest American to travel to space; the flight marked the first re-flight of an astronaut on the space shuttle (Robert L. Crippen) and Challenger was the first shuttle to have a planned end of mission landing." Upon Dr. Ride's death in 2012, Washington Post remembered her with this article that includes five reprints "from the Washington Post's coverage of Ride's historic voyage, and reactions at the time."

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Anne Frank
Anne Frank was just thirteen-years old when she and her family went into hiding behind the Amsterdam office of her father to avoid persecution by Hitler's Nazis. One of her dearest possessions was the diary she had just received as a birthday present. Anne died of typhus in March of 1945 at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, but her father survived to publish her diary in 1947. Today, translated into sixty-seven languages, Anne Frank's diary has been read by millions.
Anne Frank Fonds
Anne Frank's father, Otto Frank, established the Anne Frank Fonds foundation in 1963 "to make the diaries and works by Anne Frank accessible to the general public." Best clicks are found in Family (photos, biographies, historical context) and Diary (origin, short stories, and related books). "Miep Gies and Bep Voskuij found Anne Frank's diaries after the family had been deported. The women were secretaries for Opekta-Werke, where Anne Frank's father had also worked, and were members of the group of helpers who had hidden the family."
Anne Frank Guide
This guide is organized into three sections: Data (Anne Frank's story), Timelime (Anne's life juxtaposed against the major events of World War II), and Tips ("Putting together a good project or talk can be difficult. Read our tips."). Other highlights include This Day in History (factoids from the timeline) and profiles of those who helped the Frank family while they were hiding in the Secret Annex.
Anne Frank House
Millions of people from all over the world have visited the house in Amsterdam where Anne Frank wrote her famous diary while hiding from the Nazis. Best educational clicks are the Anne Frank and Diary sections, which house a treasure trove of details for school reports. And to put a modern twist on the lessons of the holocaust, don't miss the Out of Line exhibit which explores what happens when freedom of speech clashes with a person's right to be protected against discrimination. Should neo-Nazis be allowed to spread their racist message on the Internet? Should the offensive lyrics of hip-hop artists be censored? Where do you draw the line?
St. Petersburg Times: Anne Frank: Lessons in Human Rights and Dignity
"The powerful writings of a teenager from the darkness of her hiding place during the Holocaust can teach us much about making a difference for the 21st century." Using Anne's diary as a framework, these online lessons from the St. Petersburg Times address prejudice, hatred, and discrimination. Many of the thirty-five single-page chapters conclude with topics for classroom discussion and journal writing.

US Holocaust Memorial Museum: Anne Frank: The Writer
"Between the ages of 13 and 15, Anne Frank wrote short stories, fairy tales, essays and the beginnings of a novel. Five notebooks and more than 300 loose pages, meticulously handwritten during her two years in hiding, survived the war." Click Launch to learn of Anne's legacy beyond her diary. Make sure that your browser allows pop up windows.

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Helen Keller
Helen Keller was born in 1880 with sight and hearing, but an illness at eighteen months left her deaf, blind, and mute. Keller overcame these disabilities to became an international spokesperson championing the causes of education, research and opportunity for the blind. Among her many accomplishments are publishing fourteen books, visiting thirty-five countries, and meeting every U.S. president from Coolidge to Kennedy.
American Foundation for the Blind: Life of Helen Keller
Helen Keller worked for The American Foundation for the Blind from 1924 until her death in 1968. Their site is an excellent resource for school reports, with a biography, quotes, photo gallery, and an archive of essays, speeches, and letters. From Helen Keller to Alexander Graham Bell, March 9, 1900: "A letter always seems more truly my own when I can run my fingers over it, and quickly enter into the thoughts and feelings of my friends without an interpreter, even though the interpreter be the dearest and sweetest in the world."
Biography: Helen Keller
"After college, Keller set out to learn more about the world and how she could help improve the lives of others. News of her story spread beyond Massachusetts and New England. She became a well-known celebrity and lecturer by sharing her experiences with audiences, and working on behalf of others living with disabilities." This one-page biography includes four videos, and a sidebar of fast facts.
Braille Bug: Helen Keller Kids Museum Online
For kids in elementary and middle school, Braille Bug is my Helen Keller pick of the day. The American Foundation for the Blind created Braille Bug to teach sighted children about braille. Best clicks are the Keller biography, Fun Facts, and the extensive bibliography for grades K- 8. "Helen Keller was born in a small town called Tuscumbia, Alabama, on an estate called Ivy Green. Her birthday was June 27, 1880, and her parents were Kate Adams Keller and Colonel Arthur Keller."
Helen Keller Foundation: Helen Keller
The Helen Keller Foundation promotes sight, speech and hearing research, carrying on the life's work of their namesake. The biography is short, and the best reasons to stop by are the photos of Keller and the many luminaries she visited. These include Alexander Graham Bell, Mark Twain, Charlie Chaplain, Winston Churchill, Eleanor Roosevelt, and modern dancer Martha Graham.

The Quotations Page: Helen Keller
"When one door of happiness closes, another opens; but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one which has been opened for us." This collection includes twenty-five quotations culled from a variety of online databases. In addition to the Keller quotes, you'll find the meta-search tool useful for finding other quotations. Quotations can be found from a partial snippet (use the % as a wild card character) or by author.

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Students And Teachers Against Racism announces their new website that offers insight into the Native American perspective to teachers and educators.
Changing Winds Advocacy Center
Through presentations, classroom sessions, curriculum, fund raising, charitable works, and multi-media efforts, we seek to raise public awareness of the stereotyping, discrimination, racism and other unique situations facing Native Americans.
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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2015 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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