The Assistant Secretary Indian Affairs Kevin K. Washburn
issued final determinations today to acknowledge the Pamunkey Indian
Tribe as a federally recognized Indian tribe. Additionally the Duwamish
Tribal Organization has been denied.
Chief Bob Gray, left, and Pamunkey Tribal Chief Kevin Brown
have waited a long time to see their tribe gain federal recognition.
(photo by Vincent Schilling)
According to the DOI, The Pamunkey Indian tribe, which has occupied
its land base in southeastern King William County, Virginia
which was shown on a 1770 map as Indian Town "was found to
have met all seven mandatory criteria for Federal acknowledgment
as set forth in 25 CFR Part 83.7.
This is the second federal acknowledgment to take place during
the Obama Administration.
In a release Washburn said, "This work reflects the most solemn
responsibilities of the United States. Our professional historians,
anthropologists, and genealogists spent thousands of hours of staff
time researching and applying our rigorous acknowledgment criteria
to these petitions."
Specifically, the Department determined that the Pamunkey Indian
- Continuously identified as an American Indian body since
- Existed as a distinct community and maintained political
influence over its members since historical times;
- Provided governing documents describing its governance procedures
and membership criteria;
- Provided a list of its current members who descend from a
historical Indian tribe and who are not also members of another
federally recognized tribe;
- Never been subject to congressional legislation that expressly
terminated or forbade the federal relationship.
Pamunkey Chief Kevin Brown says he is elated as to the decision
and is admittedly exhausted after a process that has taken decades.
"Overall, This is just really great," Brown told ICTMN. "I got
a call at 9:30 this morning and it was Kevin Washburn. I was surprised
to hear the news because we were supposed to be told on July 29.
Needless to say, it was a really good phone call from Kevin Washburn.
"Assistant Secretary Washburn said we just want to let
you know we have reviewed your application, we have looked at all
the criteria and we are happy to say that you meet the criteria
and you are the newest federally recognized tribe."
After the phone call from Washburn, Brown said he immediately
began telling tribal members the great news. "I have been making
phone calls and sending emails, the calls are starting to come in
everyone is really happy and congratulatory."
Austin Alfonso, a 17-year-old Pamunkey tribal member who currently
works for the tribe's museum, says he is also excited that his tribe
has been federally recognized.
"It is pretty awesome since we have been trying for so long.
There have been a lot of bumps in the road. I am excited about how
we can address such issues as education at a federal level since
there are a lot of kids on this reservation."
Nedra Darling of the Department of the Interior also spoke to
ICTMN who said the announcement is a positive and emotional one.
"I cannot tell you how difficult it is to live in Virginia sometimes,
but now we have a tribe that has been federally recognized. The
Queen of England recognized the Pamunkey, but we haven't until now.
This is not to be taken lightly. This is a historic day for Virginia
and for the United States," Darling said.
After decades of working hard to get recognition for his tribe,
Brown says he is now getting ready to take a break as chief.
"This was the last thing on my list to accomplish, after today
I will be the former chief and Assistant chief Bob Gray will be
stepping into my shoes. I want to leave on an amazing note. I was
on council for 12 years before I was chief. This was during the
80s when we started and I have been involved in one way or another
for about 25 years."
Overall, Brown says gaining federal recognition is like "winning
the championship and stepping down at the height of my career."
When asked what Brown would do at the height of his career before
stepping down as chief, he laughed heartily and said simply, "I'm
going to Disney World!"