Relay racing is now a major
Indian rodeo event. Yet, media coverage of this wild melee is
normally limited to an amazing photo of the winning team, colorful
and bold. This article, originally published by the Native Sun
News, is about what goes on behind the scenes.
Old Elk, rider for Old Elk Relay, and his pony give it their
all during the Indian Relay at the Crow Fair. | (photo courtesy
CROW AGENCY, Mont. Ashton Old Elk, age 24, jockey and
trainer for the Old Elk Indian Relay Racing Team, recently shared
his views on what it takes to field a competitive Indian relay racing
team. Interviewed on Sunday, Aug. 16 at the Crow horse barns, he
responded to questions while engaged in a more important task: bathing
his team of three top thoroughbreds in preparation for the championship
heat that included a $15,000 purse provided by the Crow Tribe. Later
that day, his team placed third out of field of 20.
The Old Elk team, with the support/sponsorship of Leroy Whiteman,
Northern Cheyenne, has been chasing a national title since 2005.
Generally in the money (placing second or third on a regular basis),
they were successful in 2013 at the Sheridan, Wyoming, rodeo winning
it all, but that was a year before the sport was formally organized
and sanctioned. So, they have another championship in mind. The
team includes Ashton; his brothers, Shawnley Old Elk and Joe Reed;
and his uncle Esley Old Elk.
Whiteman, a veteran Indian relay racer, emphasizes that Indian
Relay requires the participation of the entire extended family,
who all get involved, providing financial and critical moral support.
"That is why the sport is possible," he explained. "Even
if you win, there isn't much money to be realized, the expenses
being so great acquiring horses, feed, travel, entry fees,
etc. Everyone is there, helping and watching out. The other teams
offer cooperation and support, wishing each other safety and luck.
It's a unique Indian thing," he said.
Ashton has been jockey for 13 years, going back to the Lodge
Grass Park where he and young companions mounted ponies, racing
against one another for fun, with an eye to the future. That is
where the young Crow athlete learned about "exchanges"
(gracefully and quickly leaping from one racing steed to another)
- the key to relay race victory- generally accomplished in three
seconds or less.
Beasley switches horses on the run during the Indian Relay
races at the PRCA rodeo during the Northwest Montana Fair
last week. Beasley went on to win the race, where riders switch
horses at high speed after making a lap around the track bareback.
The Old Elk racing legacy was started by Esley Old Elk in 2005.
Racing requires a four-man team: the jockey, a mugger, catcher and
a holder -all essential. Depending upon the track, three laps ranging
from one-half to 7/8 of a mile are raced, using three different
horses. Thoroughbreds are the favored breed of horse, although appendix
bred (quarter horse-thoroughbred cross) are often included in the
mix. The Old Elks pride themselves for using Crow bred horses -
or sometimes including a Cheyenne bred horse - provided by Whiteman.
Training, they explain, is the key. "I live with these
horses," Ashton said. "It is a daily thing. Sweet feed,
oats and good quality hay are very important. They have to be fed
on a regular routine, breakfast, lunch and supper. They count on
me for that, greeting me each day."
"While they are eating, I muck the stalls and do other
work to keep them up," he said. "I'm here dawn to
Ashton maintains a regular training schedule. Each of the seven
horses is religiously exercised, going several times around the
Crow track, 7/8 of a mile, the rate determined by their condition.
"Usually in the evening when it is cooler," he explained.
"But sometimes I work them in the early morning when the air
is thinner. That builds up their lungs. Then I take them to the
nearby river, letting them stand in the cool water, good for their
legs," he said.
Several of the horses in Old Elk's current string were
determined problems, given up on by other trainers. "I give
them a chance to be a horse," said the young trainer. "Do
something besides run races. When they get used to that and to me,
they calm down."
Esley concurred. "The horses depend on us. They reflect
our attitude. If we are calm during a race, they will be too. If
we are nervous, they will be too."
That was entirely evident as the young jockey bathed his horses
who stood quietly, entirely at liberty as he reassured them in a
friendly tone. "We are friends," he smiled.
It is necessary, Old Elk says to have a stable of seven horses
against the odds of injury. While a team of three is necessary for
each 3-4 heats of competition, the horses can be exchanged. "A
thoroughbred horse will run good one day, not so good the next and
then be faster on the last heat," he suggests. "That is
why we rotate horses for each heat. They are all good runners, but
some have better days than others. Just like people."
Before each race, the selected horses are prepared with prayer
and painted with the handed-down Crow symbols: lightening and an
"This is for protection," said Esley. Ashton, the
epitome of a warrior at 6 foot and 150 pounds, prepares as well,
donning protective paint, bandana, a single eagle feather, buckskins
and moccasins. "We like to look good," he teases. And
"There is no doubt in my mind that they will win the National
Championship one day," said Leroy Whiteman who has fielded
two national champion teams during his career. "They have what
it takes. I believe in them."