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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
The Encyclopedia of Hocak (Winnebago) Mythology
To call this work an "encyclopedia" is actually a misnomer. It would perhaps better be described as a "compendium." Just the same, it does contain a conventional encyclopedia organized under "Subject Entries." As its title suggests, the principal focus is on mythology very broadly construed. However, its actual scope extends far wider, basically into just about any story either belonging to the Hocak nation, or about them.
Osprey Nest Cam 2016: Season Four
Hello bird fans and nest cam enthusiasts! Josie and Elbert are back again in Orange Beach, Alabama for a fourth season of our Osprey Nest Cam. This year, along with a change in the camera angle, we have a new feature: sound! Over the past three years we've had hurricane winds, an unfortunate (and hilarious) bird poop "white-out" of the camera, and of course three successfully raised broods. Who knows what will happen this year? Keep your eyes on the camera as this wonderfully wild family drama unfolds again.
Historic Route 66
Route 66 was an officially commissioned highway from 1926 to 1985. During its lifetime, the road guided travelers through the lands of more than 25 tribal nations. It was a give and take relationship between the asphalt and the American Indian people—from the physical intrusion of the road on American Indian lands to the new commerce the road introduced. American Indian stereotypes were propagated and used as a major lure for tourists on this "Mother Road" of American highways and the evidence lingers.
Lakota Voice
We at Lakota Voice believe that a free and independent media venue is vital for the People to have up-to-date, community centered stories and information. The People drive our news agenda: Our motivation is truth and accountability. We value a diversity of contributors for their relevant reporting and how it impacts their communities. We are committed to educating the public to create citizen journalists on Lakota/Dakota/Nakota reservations, other reservations and urban communities in Indian Country.
The Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean
The Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere & Ocean in the College of the Environment at the University of Washington is among the largest and oldest of NOAA's Cooperative Institutes. In collaboration with NOAA and university researchers, JISAO scientists are at the forefront of basic and applied investigations on such critical issues as climate change and its impacts on humans and ecosystems, ocean acidification, fisheries assessments and tsunami modeling and forecasting.
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Sojourner Truth
Sojourner Truth (born Isabella Baumfree) was one of the best-known abolitionists of the nineteenth century. Born a slave in New York in approximately 1797, she was freed in 1828. She took the name Sojourner Truth in 1843 when she began lecturing on the abolition of slavery and for women's rights.
Biography: Sojourner Truth Biography
"Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. Her best-known speech on racial inequalities, 'Ain't I a Woman?' was delivered extemporaneously in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention." Visit Biography for Quick Facts, a one-page biography, and three short videos.
History: Sojourner Truth
"During the Civil War, Truth tramped the roads of Michigan collecting food and clothing for black regiments. She traveled to Washington, D.C., where she met with Abraham Lincoln at the White House, and immersed herself in relief work for the freedpeople." In addition to a Sojourner Truth biography, you'll find related videos and audio clips.
Sojourner Truth Institute: Sojourner's Biography
The Sojourner Truth Institute of Battle Creek, MI, has a terrific collection of resources for students of all grade levels. Best clicks include Legacy of Faith (an illustrated narrative biography for middle school and older), a four-part timeline of her life, In Her Times (a timeline of American history during Sojourner Truth's lifetime), and the puzzles in Test Your Knowledge. For teachers, there is a third-grade lesson plan (look for the link on the main biography page.)
Sojourner Truth Memorial: Her History
In 1843, Sojourner Truth moved to Massachusetts where she lived in and near Florence for eight years, and where she now has a memorial statue. Visit for a short biography and the history of her memorial. "Born a slave in upstate New York in approximately 1797, she labored for a succession of five masters until the Fourth of July, 1827, when slavery was finally abolished in New York State. Then Isabella – as she had been named at birth – became legally free."

Sojourner Truth in Ulster County
Sojourner Truth was born in Ulster County, upstate New York at the end of the eighteenth century. On the campus of the State University of New York at New Paltz, a three-story library is dedicated to her. "It may seem ironic that a library is named for a woman who could not read or write. It is just as ironic that this great communicator is one of the most famous persons to come from Ulster County. She often said 'I can't read books, but I can read the people.'" This one-page illustrated biography was penned by librarian Corrine Nyquist.

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Amelia Earhart
Amelia Mary Earhart, the first women to fly solo across the Atlantic, was born July 24, 1897 at her grandparents' home in Atchison, Kansas. Despite her many pioneering achievements, she is best known for her tragic disappearance over the Pacific on July 2, 1937, halfway to her goal of circling the globe. Like many today, Earhart believed that technology would open new worlds for women.
Amelia Earhart Birthplace Museum
Thousands of visitors a year tour the museum at Earhart's birthplace in Atchison, KS. Best clicks for virtual visitors can be found under the Amelia Earhart subhead (in the left-hand menu) where you'll find a biography, fun facts, and news clips. "During her childhood, Amelia invented a tribe of imaginary small black creatures she called Dee-Jays. Described as a cross between a Krazy Kat cartoon and a jabberwocky, the creatures were often blamed for Amelia's own irresponsible behavior, such as: talking out of turn, eating the last piece of candy, or when something turned up lost."
Biography: Amelia Earhart
"In 1923, Earhart, fondly known as 'Lady Lindy,' became the 16th woman to be issued a pilot's license. She had several notable flights, becoming the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1928, as well as the first person to fly over both the Atlantic and Pacific." Visit for the seven short videos, seventeen-image photo gallery, and one-page biography. One of the videos is at the top of the page, the others are linked to at the bottom of the biography.
Ellen's Place: Amelia Earhart Biography
In 1920, Earhart flew in an open cockpit biplane at an aerial meet in Long Beach, California. "As soon as we had left the ground I knew I myself had to fly." She soon began lessons with another woman pilot, Anita "Neta" Snook, in a restored Canadian training plane. "On April 27, 1926, her life was to change forever . . . a phone call from Captain H.H. Railey asked, 'How would you like to be the first woman to fly across the Atlantic?'" This detailed biography, neatly organized into Early Years, Celebrity and Last Flight, is a terrific resource for school reports.
Official Amelia Earhart Site
Created on behalf of Earhart's family, this official site is excellent in content, design, and navigation. Of course there is an Earhart biography, but don't stop there. Other highlights include a nice collection of quotes ("Courage is the price that Life exacts for granting peace." ), a photo gallery, fast facts, and screen savers and wallpaper (listed under Downloads.)

Smithsonian: Will the Search for Amelia Earhart Ever End?
On July 2, 1937, Earhart took off from Lae, Papua New Guinea to fly twenty hours (2556 miles) to Howland Island, an inhabited coral island in the Pacific Ocean halfway between Hawaii and Australia. "Depending on which version you accept, either she was never seen alive again, or died a few years later in captivity, or lived into her late 70s under an assumed identity as a New Jersey housewife." Eighty years later, experts still disagree about what actually happened to Amelia Earhart.

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Lewis and Clark
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark's trailblazing expedition departed from St. Louis 201 years ago, on May 14, 1804. In a span of twenty-eight months, they covered 8,000 miles, journeying to the Pacific Ocean and back again.
Discovering Lewis & Clark
"'The object of your mission is to explore the Missouri River & such principal stream of it as by its course and communication with the waters of the Pacific Ocean, whether the Columbia, Oregon, Colorado or any other river may offer the most direct & practicable water communication across this continent for the purpose of commerce.' With these words, President Jefferson set in motion the Lewis and Clark expedition of 1804 - 1806."
National Geographic: Lewis & Clark
This Lewis and Clark site is chock full of adventures for explorers of all ages. Elementary kids should head directly to Go West Across America for a virtual Lewis and Clark expedition based on the children's book of the same name. Others will enjoy the cyber campfires, which provide a snapshot into the explorer's world. "The whol face of the country was covered with herds of Buffaloe," noted Lewis on April 25, 1805. Can you imagine the plains covered with 60 million bison?
PBS: Journey of the Corps of Discovery
In 1803 Congress approved an appropriation of $2500 to fund the Lewis and Clark expedition, which Jefferson named the Corps of Discovery. Over the next four years, the Lewis and Clark team traveled "thousands of miles, experiencing lands, rivers and peoples that no Americans ever had before." Now, thanks to this great PBS site, it's your turn to lead the expedition. Into the Unknown is an interactive game (and my favorite click of the entire site) which lets you make decisions such as when to continue up the river or to stop and wait out the storm. Other great clicks are the free Lewis and Clark screen savers, the native American perspective, and the expedition time line.
Smithsonian: Lewis & Clark Mapping the West
"Among the many successes of the 1804-06 Lewis and Clark expedition were the important strides made in the mapping of the U.S. interior." This Smithsonian exhibit explains the importance of maps, shows one of the original maps that Lewis and Clark carried with them, and describes the mapping that took place during their journey. "They prepared about 140 maps on the trail and collected some 30 maps from Indians, fur trappers, and traders."

University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
This site features the full text of Lewis and Clark's journals, edited by Gary E. Moulton, along with a gallery of images (photos of the original journals), maps, and audio readings of a few of the passages. As noted in the Introduction, "Clark's last entry is a reminder that 'wrighting' was one of the principal tasks of the captains, and one that they thoroughly fulfilled. As Donald Jackson has observed, Lewis and Clark were ‘the writingest explorers of their time. They wrote constantly and abundantly, afloat and ashore, legibly and illegibly, and always with an urgent sense of purpose.'"

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Victory in Europe
The Allied Armies' World War II victory over Nazi Germany occurred on May 7, 1945, when the German Instrument of Surrender was signed in Reims, France. This victory was celebrated as VE Day (a.k.a. V Day and V-E Day) throughout Europe and the U.S. on the following day: May 8, 1945.
"After the suicide of Hitler on 30 April 1945, it was left to Grand Admiral Donitz, who had been President of the Third Reich for a week, to surrender. Donitz travelled to General Eisenhower's HQ at Reims in France, and, in the presence of senior officers from Britain, America, Russia and France, surrendered unconditionally to the Western and Russian demands on 7 May 1945." For more WWII history, be sure to peruse Related Links in the right-hand sidebar.
BBC: Victory in Europe Day
This article by historian Dr. Gary Sheffield highlights reactions to victory in Europe from around the world. "For the Western Allies, of course, the conflict in Europe was only one half of the world war. At that stage, the atomic bomb was a secret known to a very few, and the end of the war with Japan seemed a very long way off."
HistoryNet: V-E Day 1945
Learn what VE Day meant for people all around the world. "In Cape Town [South Africa] the thousands of celebrants brought traffic to a near-standstill. The Cape Times of the following day wrote, 'The gnawing, ceaseless anxiety in many homes for loved ones in danger has vanished like an evil dream.' South Africa was home to many people of German descent, however, and in 1940 the decision to fight as part of the British force against Germany and Italy was not popular with those who supported Hitler's policies."
Imperial War Museums: What You Need To Know About VE Day
Another look at VE Day celebrations, focused mainly on Britain, but also including details about reactions in Paris, Australia, and the U.S. "In the United States of America, the victory was tempered with the recent death of President Roosevelt, who had led his country through the war years. His successor, Harry S. Truman, dedicated the day to Roosevelt and ordered that flags be kept at half-mast – as part of the 30-day mourning period. Despite this, there were still scenes of great rejoicing in America: in New York, 15,000 police were mobilized to control the huge crowds that had massed in Times Square."

New York Times: Learning Network: May 7, 1945
On May 8, 1945, "The New York Times published an Associated Press story under the headline "The War in Europe is Ended!" It reported, "[The Germans] were asked sternly if they understand the surrender terms imposed upon Germany and if they would be carried out by Germany. They answered Yes." You can see the day's front page by clicking "Go to related On This Day page" listed under "Historic Headlines."

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2016 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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