TURTLE TRACKS

A Newsletter for Kids from a Native American View


Muway Buug Warmth Spreading Moon
(Havasupai )
April 17, 1999 Issue 10 Volume 2


TURTLE TRACKS Staff:
Advisor: Momfeathr@aol.com;
Coeditors: Garnet1654@aol.com and KispokoT@aol.com
Graphics Design: JakBowen@aol.com; Webmaster: PaulB99237@aol.com aol.com


Nunavut, Canada's Newest Territory

On April 1, 1999, Canada officially recognized a new territory: Nunavut. Located in Canada's eastern NW territory, Nunavut 's tundra and ice plains have been home to tens of thousands of Inuit for over 4,000 years. It's home to the magnetic North Pole, half the world's polar bear population, and 750,000 caribou. It also represents 1/5 of Canada's landmass. Now, Nunavut is an political jurisdiction of Inuit governing themselves.

1800 people gathered inside old military hangars about 1,250 miles north of the nearest city, Montreal. There, three new judges, 19 new legislative assembly members, and a territorial commissioner were sworn in as fireworks rocketed over ice chunks in Frobisher Bay.

In 1971, Inuits living above the Arctic Circle joined other native groups in receiving $1 billion and 44 million acres of land. However, Natives still had no real autonomy until Greenland's Inuit residents won home rule from Denmark in 1979. And this year, 1999, marks the return of political power to their Canadian brothers and sisters.

Although a few leaders and celebrities have visited this area (Nelson Mandella, Charles Lindberg, Tom Cruise), few Canadians have seen Nunavut. Most locations can only be reached by plane.

" Living in a place like this you do not see people for weeks at a time because of the distance between them and also the weather. So we learn to deal with our problems. You've got to remember, we were a hunting and gathering society for many years and to go from that to creating our own self-government is no small feat. If we hit a brick wall, we'll go around the brick wall. What we have is a steely determination to keep moving forward," says Jack Anawak, who is the new Territory's Minister of Justice.

Yahoo! Full Coverage:Canada Creates New Arctic Territory For Inuit
http://headlines.yahoo.com/full_coverage/Canada/nunavut


(Australia from space)
Earth Day 1999
(by KispokoT)

JANUARY 28, 1998. The destruction of the Amazon rain forest reached record levels before leveling off, the Brazilian government admitted today. Deforestation (in square miles per year):

1994: 5,958 sq. miles
1995: 11,621 sq. miles
1996: 7,200 sq. miles
1997: 5,200 sq. miles*

(*with reports only 80% complete)
The '96-'97 slowdown was largely due to abnormally heavy rainfall
in the region (slowing down workers), NOT any government policy.
[Adapted from :WITH RESPECT #30 online newsletter c/o WlksonRvr@aol.com]

A great discovery: links to Earth Day events ONLINE!!
earthday.org -- Earth Day 1999 Events On-Line
http://www.earthday.org/eday1999/edonline.htm

Make Earth Day, April 22, a national holiday! Sign the petition to Congress and the White House !

Earth Day EVERY Day! Earth Day National Holiday
http://www.earthday.org/eday2000/holiday.htm

*
Natives Have Known this all along...
Make EVERY Day Earth Day!
http://www.earthday.org/


Book of the Week
(By KispokoT)
Keepers of the Earth

Authors: Michael J. Caduto and Joseph Bruchac
Illustrations: John Kahionhes Fadden and Carol Wood
Copyright date: 1988
Publisher: Fulcrum, Colorado,
City:
Golden, Colorado
ISBN#1-55591-027-0

If I could keep only one book from my personal collection,Keepers of the Earth might be it. With b/w illustrations and writing that makes you think in colors, Keepers of the Earth stretches your mind and touches your soul with earth.

Keepers of the Earth is an experience you can't miss. Check your public and school libraries. If they don't have it, request they purchase a copy. This book is for everyone: young, old, every Nation, every race...


Arch Rock, Mackinaw Island, Michigan

(courtesy NACF Libraries on AOL)

Pow Wow Dance Styles
(By Garnet1654)

Dancing creates excitement at powwows!
In the next few issues, TURTLE TRACKS will explore
powwow dance styles. Dance styles may vary from area to area.

Men's Straight

The Straight Dance is a Southern, or Oklahoma, style dance evolving from Hethuska dances (those performed by different societies). Straight Dancers are distinguished by regalia and dance styles. Regalia items are closely matched and coordinated. Dancers move in a very slow and proud way.

A Straight Dancer's regalia consists of nearly twenty items, either closely coordinated or matched as sets. Dancers wear satin, brocade or floral-print ribbon shirts with contrasting ribbon. Neckerchiefs, scarves and arm-band ribbons match the shirt's ribbon. A white scarf may be used as a headband.

Leggings vary according to the dancer's tribal affiliation. Most Straight Dancers wear aprons and leggings made of heavy trade wool. Red wool is reserved for the eldest son. Most others choose dark blue.

Straight Dancers carry mirror boards or a tail stick in their right hands. The tail stick began as a Tail Dancer's badge of office in Hethuska Society. It is usually passed on from an experienced dancer.

Smoothness, precision, knowledge of dance etiquette, and a tremendous sense of pride belong to the Straight Dancer.


(Turtle Tracks Webmaster Paul in his Traditional Regalia)

Men's Traditional

Men's Traditional Dance is a popular, Northern style form. Traditional Dancers preserve the "old Sioux way" of dancing, making it the oldest form of Native American Dancing. Traditional Dancers combine drama and grace to tell their stories. Their dances are those of the warrior on the hunt or in search of enemies.

Traditional Dancers wear traditional regalia. A choker is worn around the neck. Most dancers wear shirts, with or without ribbons, and a breastplate over the shirt. On his head he might wear a roach, quilled wheels, or a beaded headband.

Traditional Dancers may carry a variety of objects. Most common is a fan made from the wing of an eagle or hawk. The dancer uses the fan to provide a cooling breeze on the hot, summer days.

Breech cloths or aprons can be plain or heavily decorated. The Traditional Dancers might wear knee bands, sometimes with bells, and fur wrapped around his ankles. On his feet, he usually wears beautifully beaded moccasins.

Each dancer's regalia is a reflection of his own style and tradition. Please respect and honor these personal expressions that the Traditional Dancer shares with his relatives, friends,and visitors.

Music...video clips...fun...learn about the 1999 Gathering of Nations Pow Wow
on April 22, 23, 24. If you can't get to the Pow Wow, you will have a good time here!
The Gathering of Nations 1999 Web Site
http://freehosting.at.webjump.com/ga/gatheringofnations/inside.htm



A Naming Story
(By StandsAlo2, Shawnee/Cherokee)

When I was a little girl, only about two or so, I lived with my great grandparents, my grandparents, and my family. I was the first child born in a hospital; everyone else was born at home. I was very little and very stubborn. And I was a sleepwalker.

I walked at a very young age, and for the first three or four years of my life, my grandmothers would wake up and find me gone! I wasn't in the bedroom or the house but outside--alone--in the darkness. No matter what the weather, I would sleepwalk into the night. They would find me standing alone in the moonlight, happily stretching my little arms toward the sky as if to hug the moon.

This is how my name began: Stands Alone in the Moon. Sometimes I still awaken outside in the moonlight...


Recipe Activity
(By KispokoT)

StandsAlo2 shares this seventh generation recipe with TURTLE TRACKS readers. She adapted it for today's cooking methods.
After making the honey crinkle dough, try cooking it each way. Let everyone in your family taste and compare the cooking methods. Then take a vote and see which your family likes best.

TurtleTracksHome
http://www.radparker.com/tamakoce/turtletracks/

HONEY CRINKLES
Ingredients:
2/3 c. oil or butter
1 cup sugar
1 egg
1/2 teaspoon vanilla
1/4 cup honey
2 cups flour
2 Tablespoons baking soda
1/2 teaspoon salt.

Mixing Instructions
In a large bowl, combine oil (or butter) and sugar. Beat well.
Beat the egg, vanilla, and honey into it.
Into another bowl, sift together Flour, salt and baking soda.
Stir flour mixture into egg mixture.
Use 1/2 of the dough to make Honey Crinkle #1
Use the other half of the dough to make Honey Crinkle #2

Cooking Instructions

Honey Crinkle #1
1. Drop small pieces of dough into sugar.
2. Roll each piece into a ball.
3. Place 2" apart on an ungreased cookie sheet.
4. Bake for 12-15 minutes at 350 degrees.
5. Let stand for a minute before removing from pan.
6. Cool on racks.

Honey Crinkle #2
1. Drop by spoonfuls onto a hot oiled griddle.
2. Cook like pancakes.
3. Serve plain or with your choice of toppings.


Recipe Challenge

StandsAlo2's family loved homemade vanilla ice cream with Honey Crinkle #2. Can you create you own Honey Crinkle toppings using only traditional Native foods? Let us know if you find something great!

And just to get you started...:-)
Honey Crinkle #2 topping creations from our staff!

KispokoT: Honey, fresh berries, and a pinch of crushed mint leaf.
Momfeathr: Fresh picked huckleberries blended with warm honey. Add chopped hickory nuts.
PaulB99237: Freshly ground horseradish with raspberry vinegar
(It tastes wonderful all by itself and fantastic with roast elk, onions and mushrooms. :)
JakBowen:
Garnet1654: Vine ripened strawberries topped with maple sugar and crushed pecans.



Websites of the Week

Visit a 3D Kiva or a Chaco Anasazi Great House!
Sipapu--The Anasazi Emergence into the Cyber World
http://sipapu.ucsb.edu

Beautiful Kachina photos and stories.

Native Treasures - Kachina Doll Photos
http://www.flash.net/~bullards/kachinas/gallery.html


Searching for honest books or educational sources about Native American cultures?
Try this site.
Native American Children's Books, Smith-Leitich…
http://homepage.interaccess.com/~cynthias/nativebooks.htm

Visit Native American schools online! A great chance to learn about other Nations.
Let them know you visited!
SCHOOLNET'S FIRST PEOPLE'S SCHOOLS (US)
http://www.schoolnet.ca/aboriginal/schoo2-e.html
*
An insightful look into life between two worlds. An Alaskan 8th grader shares his day
in a moving tribute to his family. his heritage, his ancestors, his homeland.
did you know?
http://www.okit.com/didyouknow.htm

Going to the mall?? Leave with something that will last a lifetime!!
Simon Youth Foundation Goals
http://www.simon.com/syf/syfgoals.htm

help track Spring
Journey North 1999
http://www.learner.org/jnorth

Awesome stuff here
Smithsonian Magazine: Explore Art, Science and History
http://www.smithsonianmag.si.edu