TURTLE TRACKS

A Newsletter for Kids from a Native American View


"Msheke'kesis" Month of the Turtle
Potawatomi

June 12, 1999 Issue 14, Volume 2

Teaching Respect for Native People
©Oyate
[Final in a three-part series of guidelines for teaching Native cultures in a respectful manner.]



• Do use respectful language in teaching about Native peoples. • Don't use insulting terms such as "brave," "squaw," "papoose," "Indian givers," "wild Indians," "blanket Indians," or "wagon burners."

• Do portray Native societies as coexisting with nature in a delicate balance. • Don't portray Native peoples as "the first ecologists."

• Do use primary source material-speeches, songs, poems, writings-that show the linguistic skill of peoples who come from an oral tradition. • Don't use books in which "Indian" characters speak in either "early jawbreaker" or in the oratorical style of the "noble savage."

• Do use materials which show Native women, Elders, and children as integral and important to Native societies. • Don't use books which portray Native women and Elders as subservient to warriors.

• Do talk about the lives of Native peoples in the present. • Do read and discuss good poetry, suitable for young people, by contemporary Native writers.

• Do invite Native community members to the classroom.• Do offer them an honorarium. Treat them as teachers, not as entertainers. • Don't assume that every Native person knows everything there is to know about every Native nation.
Welcome to Oyate
http://www.oyate.org/

Selu
© 1994 MarijoMoore

Aware of what is happening to the children
Corn Woman walks the fields, carrying knowledge
from where the good medicine grows.

Pulling truths from stalks of corn
leaning into the winds, the teachings of so long ago
become renewed with every grain the children swallow.

Keep in mind that you
are part of the whole, she reminds them.
The future is planted within you.

Give to yourselves lives to be proud of
Treat yourselves and others
always with respect.

The rocks are listening. The trees are listening.
The eagles are listening. The rivers are listening.
And the children?

They are destined to hear
the sounds of the sacred grains of wisdom
growing inside their hearts.



Purpose
© 1994 MarijoMoore

Why are our cheekbones so high, Mama?

When you cry to the Spirits
your tears will have shorter journeys,
my children.

Your tears will have shorter journeys.

Marijo Moore
http://www.powersource.com/gallery/marijo
email: MarijoM@aol.com

2nd and 3rd grade Arizona State poetry winners!
My Poem
http://www.gric.k12.az.us/Gila/poet.html

LaFramboise Update
(By Garnet1654 from information provided by Fire on the Prairie)

The originial "Mitigation Seven" on the morning of March 23, 1999, the day after the camp was established on La Framboise Island on the Missouri River, just south of Pierre, South Dakota. La Framboise Island, a wooded remnant similar to much of the wetlands that bordered the Missouri River before it was channelized and turned into a series of reservoirs by the Pick-Sloan dam project that took large areas of land belonging to native peoples in North and South Dakota. Much of the land was flooded by the dams, and many native sites and burials have been destroyed by the flooding and by the erosion along the banks of the Missouri.

Pictured left to right are Robert Quiver, Jr., Clint Yellow Bird, Tom Cheyenne, Richard Shangreaux, Danny Merrival, Charles Yellow Bird, and Loren Black Elk. Their sign reads "The 200,000 acres belongs to the Teton Nation."

On March 22, 1999, the First Fire of the Oceti Sakowin (Seven Council Fires) Camp was established on the Missouri River just south of Pierre, South Dakota.

Established by seven young Oglala warriors, Oceti Sakowin has grown from their single tipi to a six tipi village manned by several Sioux tribes. Their presence expresses the Sioux Nation's rights to land along the Missouri River, rights guaranteed by the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868.

The Treaty of Fort Laramie in 1868 recognized Lakota ownership of the Missouri River and millions of acres to the West. Less than a decade later, the US government violated treaty rights and took most of that land, forcing the Lakota onto reservations. Five reservations lie along the river.

In the 1950s, the US Army Corps of Engineers [A.C.E.] built five huge Missouri River dams on the best reservation lands.

"They built the dams just above the white town," says Wounded Knee tribal councilman Emmett Kelly. "They flooded the Indian towns and grave sites with reservoirs."

In 1996, US Senate minority leader Tom Daschle (Democrat/S.D.) invited South Dakota's Governor William Janklow (Republican) and several Sioux tribal chairmen to Washington, DC. There, they began negotiations with government officials to transfer excess A.C.E. lands back to the Sioux Nation and South Dakota. The result: The Wildlife Restoration Act, which would return some lands to the Lakota but give South Dakota the recreation sites developed inside reservation lands.

The Standing Rock, Oglala, Rosebud, Crow Creek, and Yankton Sioux Tribes, and the Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Councils, are calling for Congressional oversight hearings to amend Title VI and prevent the transfer of Sioux treaty lands to the state of South Dakota. They also request a comprehensive EIS (Environmental Impact Statement) before the US Army Corps of Engineers transfers Missouri River lands to the state.

Reinstating the Great Sioux Nation's treaty lands is the ultimate goal of protesters on LaFramboise Island. Lakota spiritual leader Rick Two Dogs emphasizes the spiritual nature of Oceti Sakowin.

"We don't have a word for 'political' in the Lakota language," he says. "Everything we do is with prayer."


Kevin Locke
(By Jamie Lockard)


(Photo Kevin Locke performing the hoop dance courtesy Click here: Kevin Locke Welcome

As the steady heartbeat of the drum speaks, a lone man dances the dance of the hoop, inside the sacred arena. Twenty-eight hoops in all, four different colors, all lace together, making the shapes of spring. Flowers, stars, birds, butterflies, and even the moon, appear in the hoops. If you’ve ever seen this, then you have probably seen Kevin Locke.

Have you have ever heard the sound of the Indian love songs played on the flute? Its gentle, flowing melodies dancing on the wind. Seven notes sing out in the old Lakota-Dakota style welcoming the spring and waking the spirit of the earth. This is the Niya Awicableze, the Enlightened Breath. If you have heard it, then you have may have heard Kevin Locke.

Kevin Locke's Lakota name is Tokeya Inajin, which means “First to Arise”. He is known as the man who revived the Lakota courting flute. The art of the courting flute had all but died out when Kevin found an old flute in his mother’s attic. With help from elders, who taught him the old ways and from old recordings from the Library of Congress, he taught himself to play. At the time, there was only one other player of the traditional way.

In 1980, the United States Information Agency asked Kevin to tour. Since then, Kevin has sold more than 200,000 copies of his recordings, been to more than 65 countries and won the most prestigious award from the National Endowment for the Arts--The National Heritage Fellowship.

Tokeka Inajin is also known for re-introduction of the Hoop Dance. It too had almost died out when Arlo Good Bear, a Mandan Hidatsa Indian from North Dakota, began teaching Kevin. Arlo was able to give Kevin one lesson before he died in an accident. Kevin believes Arlo gave him the other lessons through very vivid dreams.

The hoop dance is a very powerful, very beautiful dance. Each of the colored hoops represent a different thing, the four elements, the four winds, and the four races. Kevin teaches the dance everywhere he goes. Traditionally, the dance was done by men, but Kevin believes that the dance is for everyone as it represents unity.

Kevin is a very talented man who taught himself the Lakota language at an early age, although it was still illegal to speak it. He began learning from his elderly uncle, Abraham End of Horn. He would pester the old ones into teaching him words he didn’t know and the correct pronunciation.

The people of the northern plains of Maka Wita (Earth Island), owe much to Kevin Locke, as do Native Americans everywhere, he has done much for our people. Through music and the hoop dance, he makes our culture and heritage known throughout the world and teaches the young ones about the past. He has done much to take the Native American arts outside the Pow-Wow arena.

Kevin once said, "I see that the Lakota people have many gifts to bring to the world. The people are desperate for these gifts. We know that human kind is in a crisis. Now we need to draw from all of these wellsprings of knowledge that are within the treasures of the hearts of the peoples of the world."

Tokeya Inajin still lives in the Wakpala district of the Standing Rock Reservation near Mobridge, South Dakota. He still tours and perhaps best of all, he still loves teaching children.

Click here: Kevin Locke Welcome
http://asis.com/kevinlocke/index.html


Cherokee Leaf Painting
by Griz Bear, Alabama (courtesy Momfeather)

Bring Nature's beauty indoors with this adaptation of a
traditional Cherokee craft.


Materials Needed:
1. Plain, white 100% cotton material (shirt, curtains, tablecloths, etc.) or unbleached muslin.
2. Hammer Stone or a large smooth round river rock
3.masking tape
4. a large flat board
5.a supply of newspapers
6.waxed paper
7.leaves for printing
(
marigolds, carrot tops, strawberry leaves, tulip, poplar, and red or white oaks are good)

Cherokee Leaf Painting transfers a leaf's natural dyes to fabric by beating its chlorophyll directly into the cloth,then setting the color through natural chemical action to avoid fading.

Directions:

1. Layer several thickness of newspaper on your flat board.
2. Spread your cloth, right side facing you, on top of the newspaper. 3. Put the leaf or leaves on the cloth in the pattern of your choice.
4. Waxed paper should be placed over the leaves and secured with masking tape around the edges
5. Using a flat-headed hammer, pound the chlorophyll out of the leaf until the color transfers to the cloth.
6. Pound evenly to get a good print.
7. If the leaf does not print evenly, crumple up another leaf, dip it in water, and use it to 'paint' the unstained spots.

Setting the Color

. For rich reddish-brown hues the cloth can be soaked in a solution of 1 cup of wood ashes to 3 gallons of cold water. After 5 minutes of soaking, it should be rinsed in clear water and air-dried
away from direct sunlight.

or

To retain the natural green shades of your prints, soak the finished piece in 1/2 cup salt to 2 gallons of water for 10 minutes. Rinse and dry as above.

Leaves Quiz Answers: 1. Swamp White Oak 2. Sassafrass 3. Dogwood 4. Sweet Gum 5. Ginkgo 6. Paw Paw 7. Red Maple 8. Fragrant Sumac


Recipes of the Week
Blanket Dogs
serves 6-8
Shared by ReAnna Jean Waubanascum Williams, a Menominee-Keshena, who learned it from her father and aunt.

Ingredients:
*

Fry Bread:
4 Cups White Flour
1 Tablespoon Baking Powder
1/2 Teaspoon Salt
approx 1 1/2 cups water
Lard Or Shortening for frying
Meat:
2 Packs Of Hot Dogs

*
How to Mix:
Stir together flour, salt, and baking powder.
Mix in water until the ingredients form a thick dough.
*
How to Cook:

Method #1: Take a small amount of dough, roll it between your hands, then flatten it. Lay a hot dog on top of it. Wrap the dough around the hot dog. Fry it in shortening. yummmmm...
Method #2:(ReAnna's favorite)
Take a small piece of dough and roll the hot dog into it. Fry. yummmmm.... yummmmm.....

Note: This recipe is really good with Wild Rice or Hull Corn Soup.


Websites of the Week
Answer interesting questions, then learn interesting facts. This site changes monthly, for even more things to learn!
Play Nature Watch Trivia
http://naturific.com/trivia/index.html
*
Looking for a great way to explain Habitat Loss? Play this game with children or adults for a true to life experience. (Note: reusable or natural containers are environmentally friendly!)
Nature Watch Educational Activity Programs, Gam…
http://naturific.com/activity.html

A wonderful site for learning about Native America
Native Americans
http://kidinfo.com/American_History/Native_Americans.html

Learn about a program which recognizes volunteers who help children.
Give a Kid a Hand
www.giveakidahand.org

A Great Kids Search Engine!
Yahooligans! Search Results
http://www.yahooligans.com

Loads of Native American Links here
Welcome to Hanksville
http://www.hanksville.org/

The Denver Public Library has put this website together just for kids
Linktown.kids links
http://www.denver.lib.co.us/kids/index.html
To Hear Nature visit
NatureSound Studio Doorway
http://www.naturesound.com