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Canku Ota
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(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
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Favorite Web Sites
collected by Paul and Vicki
Ain Dah Yung Center
Ain Dah Yung Center provides a healthy place within the community for American Indian youth and families to thrive in safety and wholeness.
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Montgomery Bus Boycott
On December 5, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, supporters of the Civil Rights Movement began a thirteen-month boycott against the city’s bus system as a protest against its policies of racial segregation. The boycott was lead by Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., and was triggered by seamstress Rosa Parks, who days earlier had been arrested for refusing to move to the back to of the bus to make room for a white passenger.
Ducksters: Montgomery Bus Boycott
"The boycott was planned at a meeting in Martin Luther King, Jr.'s church. They formed a group called the Montgomery Improvement Association with Martin Luther King, Jr. as the leader. After the first day of the boycott, the group voted to continue the boycott." This Duckster article is part of their Civil Rights for Kids lesson, and has lots of links to related topics, and related games and puzzles.
History: Montgomery Bus Boycott
With four short videos and an introductory article, is a great place to start your research for a school report on the Montgomery Bus Boycott. "The boycott took place from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956, and is regarded as the first large-scale U.S. demonstration against segregation. Four days before the boycott began, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, was arrested and fined for refusing to yield her bus seat to a white man."
King Research and Education Institute: Montgomery Bus Boycott
"Sparked by the arrest of Rosa Parks on 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus boycott was a 13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional." For high-school and college students, this encyclopedia article from King Research and Education Institute offers hyperlinks to related articles, a complete bibliography for offline research, and a gallery of primary source documents. These documents include Rosa Park's December 1, 1955 arrest report, a "Don't Ride the Bus" leaflet (dated December 2, 1955) and a letter to the editor of the Montgomery Advertiser explaining "the use of Gandhi-like tactics."
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In the months before Parks refused to give her bus seat to a white man, several other black women had also been arrested for similar incidents. Why was it Park's refusal that lead to the Montgomery bus boycott? Learn more about the boycott and its place in the civil rights movement in this online special published by the Montgomery Advertiser newspaper. Best click is the interactive time line (covering from 1954 to 1957) with embedded video clips.

U.S. History: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
This illustrated article from (published by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia) explains Rosa Parks' role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and introduces Martin Luther King, Jr. (who was at that time a "little-known minister") and his colleague Ralph Abernathy. "The demands they made were simple: Black passengers should be treated with courtesy. Seating should be allotted on a first-come-first-serve basis, with white passengers sitting from front to back and black passengers sitting from back to front."

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Hour of Code
Hour of Code is a global campaign created in 2013 by to introduce millions of students to computer programming during Computer Science Education Week at the beginning of December. Dozens of sites have created tutorials for Hour of Code. Here are my picks.
Disney: Hour of Code
Disney's four Hour of Code activities feature storylines based on Moana, Star Wars, Frozen, and Bif Hero 6. The site also includes a PDF about how to create an Hour of Code event in your town. "When the [Moana] tutorial starts students will help Moana and Maui sail through unknown territory and steer their boat using basic coding commands of sequences and loops. As students learn these coding skills and master the art of navigation, Moana and Maui are suddenly attacked by Kakamora, coconut-armored pirates. There's only one way to defeat the Kakamora – counter attack!"
Grok Learning: Short Activities
"Use the programming language Python to build a chatbot called 'Eliza.' Can she fool your friends into thinking she's a human not a computer?" This is just one of twelve courses offered by Grok Learning for Hour of Code. Grok Learning also offers the first two modules of their paid online classes for free, if you want to continue your coding education.
Kahn Academy: Hour of Code
Pick from three Kahn Academy Hour of Code projects: Hour of Drawing with Code (JavaScript), Hour of Webpages (HTML and CSS), or Hour of Databases (SQL). The first two are rated for ages eight and up, and the SQL hour is designed for students twelve and up. "Like playing with data? Learn how to manipulate data in a database and make your own custom store."
Code: Hour of Code Activities
Code (the organization that created Hour of Code) presents a master directory of all online Hour of Code Activities, including their newest tutorial: Journey through Minecraft. Across the top of the page you can filter the activities by grade (from pre-reader to high-school), and by difficulty (beginner vs. comfortable). Look in the left-hand vertical menu for additional filters such as topics (science, art, social studies) and technology (computer, Android, iPhone).

Tynker: Hour of Code
Tynker offers paid online programming courses for schools and families, but these thirty-two Hour of Code activities are free. The thumbnail gallery of activities can be filtered by grade at the top of the page. To view details, scroll below the gallery to see each game's experience level, and the programming language taught.

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Thanksgiving Writing Prompts
From gratitude to twittering turkeys, these ideas are far from boring, and are sure to jump start your classroom writing assignments.
Activity Village: Thanksgiving Stationery
Although this Activity Village page does not have any writing prompts, it does have a dozen free printable Thanksgiving stationery templates that will add a bit of whimsy to your Thanksgiving stories. Most of the templates come in three flavors: blank (no lines), lined, and handwriting lines (with a dashed line between each solid line.) Designs include cornucopia, pilgrims, pumpkins, and turkeys.
Build Creative Writing Ideas: Thanksgiving
"After hearing the phone ring, you pick it up to talk to the person on the other line. Only, it's not a person calling at all, it's the T-Giving turkey! What does the turkey have to say and how do you respond?" There are ten imaginative prompts in this article, and there are five more Thanksgiving lists on the site that are not easily found via the menu navigation. To find them, enter "Thanksgiving" into the site search box in the upper right-hand corner.
Creative Writing Prompts: Thanksgiving Writing Prompts
Thirty-eight thought provoking writing prompts ("What would Thanksgiving be like without the turkey?") followed by Picture Inspiration, a collection of sixteen Thanksgiving photos and illustrations from a clip-art site. For additional prompts on a wide range of topics, click on "Writing Prompts" in the left-hand menu.
Journal Buddies: Elementary Writing About Thanksgiving
"Give your students something to be thankful for during Thanksgiving time, with this list of 78 new elementary writing and journal prompts, especially for the holiday. Your students will be inspired to think about the things in their lives they are grateful for, as well as pushed to develop ways to give back to others." Great list, but I was bothered by the fact that "Thanksgiving" was frequently spelled without proper capitalization.

Unique Teaching Resources: November Creative Writing Prompts
"Pretend that you are a turkey who has a Twitter account and loves to tweet. Write 5 tweets to your followers about your feelings on Thanksgiving." LOL! In addition to the writing prompts, you'll find printable stationery, worksheets, and lesson plans for Thanksgiving and a few other November holidays, such as Veteran's Day and Geography Awareness Week (the third week of November.) Although the writing prompts are free, some of the downloads are for sale for a nominal price.

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Veterans Day
In 1918, at the eleventh hour, of the eleventh day, of the eleventh month, fighting ceased in World War I. Formerly known as Armistice Day, Veterans Day (November 11) is a day to honor veterans living and dead who have given so much to protect our country. And, in case you were wondering, Veterans Day is spelled without an apostrophe because the day doesn’t belong to veterans, it is a celebration of them.

Library of Congress: Veterans History Project
"The Veterans History Project of the American Folklife Center collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war veterans so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand the realities of war." The project includes stories told through correspondence, personal narrative and photos or drawings. It covers six wars, starting with World War I (1914-1920) and including the Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts that began in 2001.

History: Veterans Day Facts
"Unlike Memorial Day, Veterans Day pays tribute to all American veterans – living or dead – but especially gives thanks to living veterans who served their country honorably during war or peacetime." Visit for a video explaining "the many contributions of America's armed forces throughout the country's history," and a list of quick (easy to understand) facts.

Pinterest: Veterans Day Activities
For preschool and elementary grades, this Pinterest link is a search results page, rather than a board moderated by a single pinner. Double click on any of the images to visit the pinned sites. Activities include coloring pages, word search puzzles, crafts, poems, wall posters, mini books, and art projects.

Quote Garden: Quotations for Veterans Day
"In war, there are no unwounded soldiers. ~ José Narosky" "As we express our gratitude, we must never forget that the highest appreciation is not to utter words, but to live by them. ~ John Fitzgerald Kennedy" Although there are other sites that have more quotes, I picked this one because this batch of quotes focuses on honoring our veterans. For related quotes, click on USA Patriotic, Armed Forces Day or Memorial Day.

Veteran Affairs: Celebrating America's Freedoms
Created by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Celebrating America's Freedoms is a collection of articles about many of America's customs and national symbols. Topics include the history of Taps, the Pledge of Allegiance, The Star Spangled Banner, American flag etiquette and more. For Veterans Day, visit The Origins of Veterans Day and Activities for Veterans Day. Download each article as an individual PDF or the entire collection as one fifty-two page PDF. Look for the entire collection link at the bottom of the table of contents.

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Canku Ota is a free Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107.
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000 - 2017 of Vicki Williams Barry and Paul Barry.
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