Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
General Information
Insects and Spiders
Bison (Buffalo)
Mammals - Miscellaneous
Wolves, Foxes, Coyotes and Dogs
Plants and Trees
Reptiles and Amphibians
The Sky
Birch Aquarium Learning Center
The Scripp's Birch Aquarium Learning Center is a collection of two Web cams (KelpCam and PierCam), animal facts (including an extensive sea horse feature), and my two favorite clicks: Science Spotlights and Online Interactives (a fancy made-up phrase for educational games.) Science Spotlights, for middle school and above, tackles important conservation issues. Don't miss Shifting Baselines, a striking exhibit that illustrates the differences between today's ocean and that of forty years ago.
Flathead Catfish
Pylodictis is Greek, meaning “mud fish”, and olivaris is Latin for “olive-colored”. Flathead catfish are typically pale yellow (hence the name “yellow cat”) to light brown on the back and sides, and highly mottled with black and/or brown.
Monterey Bay Aquarium
Highlights of the Monterey Bay e-Quarium are the five live Web cams, the Splash Zone (for elementary-age kids), the feature on jelly fish, and the Habitats Path cybertour. First stop on the Habitats Path is the live Kelp Cam, which captures the changing sunlight streaming through the swaying kelp (7 AM to 7 PM, PST.) From here, you can jump to the online games, which include Kelp Habitat Tic-Tac-Toe and Habitat Coloring Pages. For information on a specific animal, try the Online Field Guide (listed under Aquarium Exhibits.)
New York Aquarium: Alien Stingers
"Stingers - known to scientists as Cnidarians (pronounced 'Ni-dare-ee-ans') - are an ancient and primitive form of life.Stingers include jellies, corals, and anemones. They are the simplest multi-celled animals that have muscles and nerves for movement." This amazing exhibit is beautiful, educational and entertaining. Each chapter includes interactive illustrations or movies; and three interactive quiz games complete the experience.
Salmon From A to Z
Welcome to Salmon from Alevin to Zoology! Mrs. Maynor's Fifth Grade class just completed a study of Chena River salmon and we'd like to share what we learned with you. We learned about how salmon live and reproduce, how Alaskans use salmon for subsistence and sport, how Athabascans used salmon, how salmon anatomy works, and even how to prepare salmon.
The Salmon Page
Dedicated to all things salmon: How to catch them, cook them, buy them and save them...
Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi)
Westslope Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi) is a subspecies of Cutthroat Trout native to Montana.  Despite the species' common name, its natural range is on both sides of the Continental Divide.  The Westslope Cutthroat Trout is found in the Kootenai watershed, the Clark Fork watershed, the headwaters of the Missouri river and the headwaters of the Saskatchewan River.  This subspecies is also found in Idaho and Canada and has a few scattered populations in Wyoming, Washington and Oregon.
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Reptiles and Amphibians
AgriGator * The American Alligator
Alligators are remnants of a prehistoric era. When dinosaurs became extinct, these modern day contemporaries of dinosaurs continued to flourish and have survived their prehistoric relatives into the 20th century.
All About Frogs for Kids and Teachers
Oodles of frog facts organized as questions and answers make All About Frogs an excellent first hop on our online frog tour. Beyond the Q's and A's you'll find fun frog crafts, songs and poems, original froggie clipart (free for non-commercial use), and links to lesson plans for K-8 teachers. Although the bulk of this site is for elementary students, middle and high-school students will find links to sites with more in-depth coverage under More Frog Facts and Information.
Bullfrog - Rana catesbeiana
from "The Frogs and Toads of Georgia"

CCTC: Turtle Gallery
The best reason to visit the California Turtle and Tortoise Club site is this gallery of annotated turtle photos, alphabetized by either scientific or common name. From the African Spurred Tortoise to the Western Pond Turtle, most of the thirty-two species have multiple photos showing the differences between the male and female turtles. Before clicking away to visit another site, look for the audio gallery of courting male tortoise vocalizations. Who knew?

CGEE: A Thousand Friends of Frogs
In August 1995, students from the Minnesota New Country School found deformed frogs near the Minnesota River. A research scientist from the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency wondered what else might be found if thousands of kids were looking in their backyards and so A Thousand Friends of Frogs was born. To study frogs in your hometown, click on Students/Get Involved. There is a data sheet you can use to collect your findings, and lots to learn about frogs as bio-indicators in the Science section.

Eastern Box Turtle
Box turtles are probably the best known of all the turtle species. There are several different varieties of box turtles found in the United States. The Eastern Box Turtle is the species native to the southern Appalachian mountains.

Exploratorium: Frogs
My pick of the day comes from The Exploratorium museum of San Francisco. Visit to enjoy the well-written articles, illustrated with photos and video clips. The lead feature, The Amazing Adaptable Frog, is a must see, as is the click-and-hear (ribbit, ribbit) Frog Tracker exhibit. For something a little different, venture beyond biology with Tales and Tours, where you can become acquainted with Frog City, Louisiana or learn about Frog Myths Across Cultures.
Frog Call Quiz
Press the play button beside each question to hear the call. Then select your answer in the menu and see if you were correct!

Gulf of Maine Aquarium: All About Turtles
All About Turtles has a fun, playful attitude that shines through in all its features. The Tale of Two Turtles, is a "first-person" narrative told by both a snapping turtle and a loggerhead turtle. Other great sections include a guide to turtle parts (Carapace-top shell, an outgrowth of bone), turtle crafts ( Turtle Eggs uses walnuts shells as newly hatched turtles), a guide to the turtle species of Maine, and an article about what you can do to help turtle conservation. "1. Keep wild turtles in the wild. Don't collect pond turtles for pets. Observe and enjoy them in their natural habitat."

National Geographic: Great Turtle Race
The Great Turtle Race is a two-week 3,700 mile migration from the "foraging grounds in the frigid waters of Canada to nesting beaches on the sun-soaked shores of the Caribbean" that began on April 9, 2009. National Geographic follows eleven tagged leatherback sea turtles with satellite tracking devices, and shares the data in an easy-to-enjoy format. Meet the racers, learn more about leatherback turtles, peruse the photo gallery, and watch the turtles' progress from Canada to South America.

Pet Turtle
"Turtles can make great pets if they are cared for properly, and we hope this website can help you decide whether or not a turtle is the right pet for you." The care, feeding, and breeding of turtles and tortoises are covered with articles and a lively discussion board. Visit to share your turtle experience and photos with other turtle enthusiasts, to post your own questions, or to learn from other turtle hobbyists. For links to lots of turtle care sheets (species-specific pet care summaries) look for the sticky posts (entries that don't scroll off the discussion board) at the top of the Caresheets forum.

Sue is the largest, most complete, and best preserved Tyrannosaurus rex. She was discovered by fossil hunter Sue Hendrickson in 1990, in the badlands of South Dakota.
The Common Snapping Turtle
As the name suggests, this is one turtle that commands respect. When disturbed, it does not hesitate to defend itself, but will strike with amazing speed and force. Because it is a large animal, its powerful jaws are capable of tearing flesh quite badly.

Turtle Puddle: Kids Questions About Turtles
"Q. How many kinds of turtles are there? A. About 270 (and still counting.)" The folks at Turtle Puddle have created a Q and A page just for kids that includes links to external turtle sites. A few of those links are broken (sigh!) but I liked the concept enough to include them here anyway. The rest of site is also kid-friendly, and includes lots of information about turtle car, turtle anatomy, and turtle health issues. "Q. Can turtles hear? Do they have ears? A. Yes, and yes."

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The Sky
Auroras: Paintings in the Sky
Far north in the night sky, a faint glow appears on the horizon. Green and red flames of light stretch across the sky. A glowing curtain of light forms, waving and swirling above you. As the lights fade away the dark night closes over you once again.
Blizzard Attack: Winter Safety
Winter Weather Safety Rules! How to stay safe this winter!
Comets and Meteor Showers
The Comets and Meteor Showers WWW site is yet another labor of love of mine. Utilizing material from my various writings (both published and unpublished), as well as material I routinely gather to assist my observing, I have tried to construct a very informative and useful site on the WorldWideWeb.
Eclipse Home Page
"Welcome to the Eclipse Home Page at the NASA/GSFC Sun-Earth Connection Education Forum. This web site is continually expanding and strives to be the ultimate resource for online information about eclipses."
Eyes on the Sky, Feet on the Ground
Welcome to our collection of children's online astronomy activities. In the following six chapters are hundreds of fun explorations into astronomy as a classroom tool for learning how to theorize, experiment, and analyze data. The activities are fully illustrated and contain detailed, step-by-step instructions as well as suggested discussion topics. This book is lots of fun for teachers and students alike. This site contains the complete text and graphics of the collection along with related links, a table of contents, an explanation of how to use this book, and email links to the authors. We do hope you enjoy these adventures in astronomy as much as we enjoyed designing them.
One Sky Many Voices
The mission of the One Sky, Many Voices Project is to create innovative, inquiry-based K-12 weather curricula that utilize current technologies such as CD-ROMs and the World Wide Web for the interactive study of current weather and air quality. Students, teachers, parents and scientists can participate from classrooms, homes, after-school programs or other educational settings.
SkyView - The Internet's Virtual Telescope
SkyView is a Virtual Observatory on the Net generating images of any part of the sky at wavelengths in all regimes from Radio to Gamma-Ray.
Snow Crystals
Stunning designer snow crystal galleries, a historical photo collection and tips on photographing snow crystals make this site breathtaking to browse. Learn about different types of snow crystals, and watch movies that show them growing at different temperatures
All About Snow
All About Snow brings you, well, everything about snow.
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  Canku Ota is a free, bi-weekly, online Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law. Please read our privacy policy.  
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
The "Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America" web site and its design is the
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2001 of Paul C. Barry.
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