Canku Ota
(Many Paths)
An Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America
Nestled deep in the Big Thicket area of East Texas lies Texas' oldest Indian Reservation, home of the Alabama and Coushatta Indian Tribes.
Alabama-Coushattas, Texas Indians
These are two tribes that combined to live together, the Alabama tribe and the Coushatta tribe. Neither tribe is originally from Texas. Both are from the Southeast -- Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia.
Alaskan and Arctic Nations
Alaskan Native Heritage Center
Since time immemorial, Alaska Natives have been sustained by the guiding light of tradition. A wealth of history, wisdom and knowledge is handed down from generation to generation, ensuring survival through the changes and challenges of this great land.
Alaska Native Language Center
Established in 1972 by state legislation as a center for documentation and cultivation of the state's 20 Native languages.
Alaska Native Studies Curriculum and Teacher Development
Welcome to the Alaska Native Studies Curriculum and Teacher Development Site
Alaska State Council on the Arts
The Alaska State Council on the Arts, a continuing partnership between the public and private sectors, champions an enriched atmosphere for lifelong participation in Alaska's rich artistic diversity.
Alaskan Native Art
Unscrupulous retailers may sell imitations as if they were authentic and crafts. As a result, unsuspecting consumers could spend hundreds of dollars for items that are not actually made by Alaskan Natives. If you're thinking about buying an Alaskan Native-made art or craft item, it's wise to invest a little time learning how these unique and beautiful objects are made and sold.
Arctic - k12 North Slope Borough School Distric…
There are ten schools in the North Slope Borough School District. These schools are located in eight unique communities bound together through Iñupiat cultural ties and spread out over 88,000 square miles. You will get a feeling for these communities and their schools by visiting web sites created by their students.
Cook Inlet Tribal Council
Diomede, Alaska, Community Site
The present Diomede village site, age unknown, was originally a spring hunting site which was gradually inhabited as a permanent settlement. Western explorers found the Diomede Eskimos had an advanced culture with elaborate whale hunting ceremonies. Vitus Bering named the islands in honor of Saint Diomede. The Native name for the village is "Inalik," meaning "the other one" or "the one over there".
Eklutna Historical Park
Eklutna, Inc. an Alaska Native Corporation, established Eklutna Historical Park in 1990 to preserve the heritage and traditions of the Athabascan people, and to portray the rapidly disappearing lifestyles of the Dena'ina Athabascan Indians in Southcentral Alaska.
Ella B. Vernetti School
This page will tell you something about ife in the Koyukon Athabaskan village of Koyukuk. The pictures and stories were created primarily by students at Ella B. Vernetti School, a Kindergarten through 10th grade school that is part of Yukon-Koyukuk School District. Other information was contributed by community adults and by visitors.
Inupiat Heritage Center
The Inupiat Heritage Center in Barrow, Alaska was designated an affiliated area of New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park in New Bedford, Massachusetts to ensure that the contributions of Alaska Natives to the history of whaling is recognized.
Iñupiaq History, Language and Culture
The mission of the Iñupiat History, Language and Culture (IHLC) division is to document, preserve, and perpetuate the history, language and culture of the North Slope region and to ensure that cultural issues are given appropriate consideration during the planning process. IHLC’s actions help fulfill the borough’s founding commitment to its Iñupiaq heritage and to protect cultural and subsistence resources for all residents of the North Slope.
Natives of the Midnight Sun
As you read through some of the stories and articles in this website, you will notice a style and a diction you may not have seen before in print. This is because most of the stories are orally told and in storytelling style. As you read, you should listen for the sound of the spoken voice.
Sealaska Heritage Institute
"To Perpetuate and Enhance Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian Culture"
Write in Inuit
Think of something you'd like to write, then choose syllables, consonants or vowels in as many of the boxes below as you need.
see Ojibwe - Anishinaabe
Anishinabek Nation
The Anishinabek Nation, founded in 1949 as the Union of Ontario Indians, is a political advocate and secretariat to 43 member First Nations across Ontario.

The Anishinabek Nation territory encompasses First Nations along the north shore of Lake Superior and surrounding Lake Nipigon, the north shore of Lake Huron, Manitoulin Island, east to the Algonquins of Golden Lake (150 km east of Ottawa), and through the south central part of Ontario to the Chippewas of Sarnia First Nation.
Tribal groups represented within the Nation include Odawa, Ojibway, Pottawatomi, Delaware, Chippewa, Algonquin and Mississauga.
Apache Tribe
The Anglo theory is the Apache Indian migrated to the Southwest from Northern Canada in the 1500's. The Apache indian history says it was the other way around, that most of the Athapaskan speaking people migrated to the North and a few stayed in their homeland. In any event, it is generally agreed that about 5,000 Apaches lived in the Southwest at the end of the 1600's.
Jicarilla Apache
The Jicarilla Reservation sits on the Continental Divide, and its almost one million acres is a variety of landscapes. The northern area of mountains, forests, steep canyons, valleys, and many small lakes is a counterpart to the semi-desert of the south, with its beautiful sandstone and mesas.
San Carlos Apache and Mt. Graham
Currently, opinions differ among Native Americans, particularly within the San Carlos Apache Tribe, regarding the Mount Graham International Observatory (MGIO). While the San Carlos Apache Tribal Council has adopted a neutral stance on the Mount Graham facility, some members of the tribe consider the mountain (approximately 200,000 acres) to be sacred.
San Carlos Apache Cultural Center
Heritage and History on Display
White Mountain Apache Language Issues
The White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT), located in east-central Arizonaon 1.6 million acres, is the fourth largest reservation in Arizona with 12,500 tribal members and is the third largest Arizona Indian tribe in population.
Yavapai-Apache Nation
Welcome to the Yavapai-Apache Nation Web Site.
See Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara
These early people are now the Ingalik, Koyukon, Tanana, Holikachuk, Gwich'in, Han, Upper Tanana, Ahtna and Tanaina, with Gwich'in, Ingalik and Ahtna as separate cultures. The Athabascan, which are the largest sub-family, spread farther east across Canada.
Southern Tutchone
Southern Tutchone, one of seven Athapaskan languages in the Yukon, isspoken in the southwestern part of the territory. The Southern Tutchonehave always been highly mobile. Aboriginally, they moved about in smallgroups, annually adjusting their movements to changes in the ranges ofcaribou or moose, to salmon runs, or to ranges of fur bearing animals.
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see Shoshone-Bannock
Blackfeet Indian Nation Official Site
The Blackfeet, once referred to as "Lords of the Plains," continue to take part in traditional and contemporary ways of life. Although history and culture have both mandated and allowed change, the Blackfoot Confederacy has withstood the challenge of living in a world that sometimes conflicts with itself and some of its people have been able to maintain their true identity, without getting into the blood-degree issues, which are another way of creating division among the people.
Piegan Institute
Founded in 1987, the Institute has its national headquarters and community-based programs on the Blackfeet Indian reservation in northwest Montana. Our community-based objectives are to increase the number of Blackfeet language speakers, to increase the cultural knowledge base of community members, and to actively influence positive community-based change. Our national objectives are to promote support for Native language issues through advocacy and education and to provide a voice to the national and international dialogue on Native Language restoration.
Blackfoot Nation
We are members of the ancient line of Blackfoot people going back before time. We are the traditional believers in our ancient ways that were given to us by iits-tsi-pah-ta-pii-op - the Source of Life. We are not members of any other organization or political party. We do not espouse any ism and have pledged our lives to live by our old ways and beliefs. We are, however, alive in the modern age and we use the technology of the present era to educate relatives, our friends and ourselves worldwide. Welcome to our web site. We invite you to come back often. We have many interesting educational, and, spiritual gifts to offer you and your family. Please explore our web site.
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  Canku Ota is a free, bi-weekly, online Newsletter celebrating Native America, its traditions and accomplishments . We do not provide subscriber or visitor names to anyone. Some articles presented in Canku Ota may contain copyright material. We have received appropriate permissions for republishing any articles. Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest. This is in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107 Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law. Please read our privacy policy.  
Canku Ota is a copyright © 2000, 2001 of Vicki Lockard and Paul Barry.
The "Canku Ota - A Newsletter Celebrating Native America" web site and its design is the
Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2001 of Paul C. Barry.
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