Canku Ota


(Many Paths)


AN Online Newsletter Celebrating Native America


March 10, 2001 - Issue 31



This Date In


North American Indian History


from On This Date in North American Indian History at

Mar. 10, 1957: The Dalles dam floods sacred fishing areas
Mar. 11, 1824: John C.Calhoun, Secretary of War, creates the Bureau of Indian Affairs, within the War Department. Thomas McKenney is appointed its' first head.

Mar. 12, 1831: Claiming that they have not sworn an allegiance to Georgia, and they do not have the mandated state permit to be allowed to be in CHEROKEE areas, Georgia militia arrest several missionaries, and teachers, in the cities of New Echota, Hightower, and Carmel. The missionaries have been supporting the CHEROKEEs in their legal fights with Georgia. One of the ministers, Samuel A.Worcester will appeal his conviction to the Supreme Court. The court would rule that all of the actions of Georgia against the CHEROKEEs were illegal.
Mar. 13, 1864: The first group of NAVAJOs finish the "Long Walk" to Fort Sumner on the Bosque Redondo Reservation, in east-central New Mexico, on this date. During their march, 13 of the 1,430 who started the trip will be kidnapped by Mexicans or will die.
Mar. 14, 1493: Columbus writes a letter today describing the generous nature of the Indians he has encountered. He will describe them as "men of great deference and kindness."
Mar. 15, 1978: Congress passes an act today (stat.2440) which will allow the ZUNI Nation to seek redress for lands taken from them without compensation, through the United States Court of Claims. This act will also add the "Zuni Salt Lake" to the lands held in trust for the tribe.
Mar. 16, 1621: Samoset meets the Pilgrims.

Tribal Areas of New England in 1620

Mar. 17, 1876: General George Crook's advance forces, led by Colonel Joseph Reynolds, encounters a hunting party camp of CHEYENNEs and SIOUX near the confluence of the Powder River and the Little Powder River. Three troops of calvary swoop down on the sleeping camp of 105 lodges. Among the Indians were White Bull, Old Bear, Two Moon, Maple Tree, Little Wolf, wWoden Leg and Low Dog. The warriors tried to hold off the troops, while the women, children and old men made it to safety across the Powder River. The soldiers would round up almost 1500 of the Indians horses, but later that night, the Indians snuck up on the Army's camp, and stole them back again. Crook would report the attack as being against Crazy Horse, however, Crazy Horse's camp was several miles away. Four soldiers are killed, and 6 Indians are killed during the fighting. According to Army records, it was so cold, the thermometers would not register. The troops would return to Fort Fetterman, in east-central Wyoming, and other stations to wait out the winter.
Mar. 18, 1954: Charles George gets the Medal of Honor. Charles George. A CHEROKEE from North Carolina, and Private First Class in Korea when he was killed on 30 November 1952. During battle George threw himself upon a grenade and smothered it with his body. In doing so, he sacrificed his own life but saved the lives of his comrades. For this brave and selfless act, George was posthumously award the Medal of Honor in 1954.

Medal of Honor

Mar. 19, 1851: One in a series of treaties with California Indians will be signed today at Camp Fremont. These treaties will purport to set aisde lands for the Indians and to protect them from angry whites.
Mar. 20, 1699: Continuing his exploration up the Mississippi River, today, French explorer Lemoyne d'Iberville will visit the village of the HOUMA Indians.
Mar. 21, 1842: General Zachary Taylor will estimate that by this date, 2,833 SEMINOLEs had been relocated to the Indian Territory.

Zachary Taylor

Mar. 22, 1621: Massasoit, Quadequina, Samoset (a PEMAQUID), Squanto, and 60 warriors visit the Plymouth colony with great ceremony. They will freely give lands to the pilgrims. According to some calendars, this will happen on April 2nd.
Mar. 23, 1806: Lewis and Clark start return their trip.
For Information on This Date in Canada visit our friends at:

Canadian Aboriginal News




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